Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Kinim

Background

Chatas and Olah

Birds may be brought only as Chato'os or Olos. A Chatos is eaten by Kohanim. An Olah is completely burned.

An Olah of a bird can be brought as a voluntary offering--a nedova. There are also occasions when a person is required to bring an Olah of a bird. A required korbon is called a chov.

A Chatos of a bird can be brought only when it is a chov, not as a nedova.

Most of Maseches Kinim is expressed in terms of the obligations of a yoledes, a woman who has borne a child. A yoledes must bring a Chatos and an Olah. (Vayikra Perek 13, Pessukim 5-8.) Her Chatos is always a bird. Her Olah is a bird only if she cannot afford a lamb.

There are several differences in the way a Chatos and Olah are brought. One is that the blood of Olos is applied to the upper half of the Mizbayach wall, while the blood of a Chatos goes on the lower half. (This is the opposite of the applications of a Chatos and Olah of an animal.) If an Olah is brought as a Chatos should be, or vice versa, the korbon is invalid.

Torim and Bnai Yonah

A korbon of a bird can be brought from two species, torim and bnai yonah, commonly translated as pigeons and doves. A yoledes or anyone else who is obligated to bring a Chatos and an Olah of birds must bring either two torim or two bnai yonah, but not one tor and one ben yonah. A pair of birds is called a kain (plural, kinim).

Kain Stuma, Chova

A person can dedicate (makdish) a kain for her Chatos and Olah without specifying which bird should be the Chatos and which bird the Olah. The kain is called a kain stuma or a chova. If the Chatos and Olah are specified, the pair is a kain meforeshes.

Kinim stumos may be grouped. For example, someone who has three obligations can dedicate (makdish) six birds together as a group. Any half of this group is brought as Chato'os and the other half as Olos.

It is forbidden to bring a bird specified to be a Chatos as an Olah or a specified Olah as a Chatos. Similarly, once one bird of a kain stuma has been brought as a Chatos, the remaining bird cannot be brought as a Chatos. If one has been brought as an Olah, the second may not be an Olah.

In a larger group of stumos, such as the six birds that were designated as a group, it is forbidden to bring more than half as Chato'os or more than half as Olos.


Text © 1997
Rabbi Menachem Moshe Oppen and Project Genesis, Inc.

Feedback is appreciated! It can be sent to: oppen@torah.org.

We hope you find this class informative and stimulating! If you do not see a subscription form to the left of the screen, access the Advanced Learning Network to subscribe to Kinim.

For information on subscriptions, archives, and other Project Genesis classes, send mail to learn@torah.org for an automated reply. For subscription assistance, send mail to gabbai@torah.org.


 
Sell Chometz Online







ARTICLES ON KEDOSHIM AND THE OMER:

View Complete List

Jumping To Conclusions
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5761

Holiness Happens
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Cloaked in Dignity
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

ArtScroll

Unspoken Words
Rabbi Label Lam - 5760

Why is this Portion Different from Other Portions?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Honorable Mentshen
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Holy Pursuits - Mundane Paths
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

Who Has To Honor Whom?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5773

Now Become Holy!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Remainding Sons
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Do it Because I am Holy
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

Holy Kitchen, Holy Sidewalk, Holy Workplace
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765

> Why Is this Parsha Different From All Other Parshios?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5774

A Good Place to Begin
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Role of Spouse in Loving One's Neighbor
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

Everyday Holiness
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information