Third Perek, Third Mishna
This woman had Chato'os and the other
woman had an equal number of Olos. Both women gave the birds to
a Kohain. If he brought all the birds at the upper part of the
Mizbayach as Olos half are kosher and half are possul. If he
brought all at the lower part of the Mizbayach as Chato'os half
are kosher and half are possul.
If he brought half at the upper part of the Mizbayach and half at
the lower part, both groups are possul. For I can say the
Chato'os were brought at the upper part of the Mizbayach and the
Olos at the lower part.
Example of the Case of the Mishna
Rochel and Leah have an equal number of birds. But all of
Rochel's birds are for Chato'os and all of Leah's are for Olos.
This situation might arise if, for example, Rochel could afford
lambs for her obligation of Olos. A yoledes always brings birds
for her Chato'os, regardless of her wealth. Leah might have
undertaken a nedova of Olos (unrelated to childbirth). The birds
became mingled, and, therefore, none should be brought (first
Perek, second Mishna). But the Kohain mistakenly brought all of
In the case where the Kohain brought all as Chato'os,
Rochel satisfies her obligation, and Leah must bring replacement
Olos. If they were all brought as Olos, Leah has satisfied her
obligation, and Rochel must bring replacement Chato'os. These
are definite obligations, not sfaykos.
If the Kohain mistakenly brought half as Chato'os and half as
Olos, none of the korbonos is kosher because the Kohain might
have brought Rochel's designated Chato'os as Olos and Leah's
designated Olos as Chato'os. Leah must bring replacement Olos
because of the sofaik. Rochel must bring only one replacement
Chatos as discussed in the explanation of Mishna Alef and in the
Text © 1997 Rabbi Menachem
Moshe Oppen and Project Genesis,
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