MB 13: Has entered the seated person's domain - This opinion only applies in one's home, but if one is praying with a set prayer group or in a synagogue, where the area is designed to be used by everyone, one must stand. Even if there are set places for individuals that were acquired for money, one should be stringent. However, concerning one [seated] who is involved in Torah, he need not be stringent, and all the more so in a situation where a Rav who is sitting with his students and learning, and then ten men come to pray, there is no need for the individuals who were there first to arise, and there is even no reason to do so out of piety.
MB 14: A pious act - In order to remove a stumbling block from in front of one's friend, who acted improperly by standing for prayer within four amot of one who was already seated with permission, and someone sitting is a degradation of the holy place created by the prayer.
Ira Rosen email@example.com
The Hypertext Halacha
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