Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part II: Yoreh De'ah

Chapter 1 - KOSHER AND UNKOSHER CREATURES

The Torah permits us to eat certain types of animals (Lev.11:2-8; Deut.13:4-8), fish that have fins and scales (Lev.11:9-12; Deut.13:4-10), most types of birds (Lev.11:13-19; Deut.13:11-20), and some types of locusts (Lev.11:20-23).

The Torah gives two signs that distinguish the permissible (kosher) types of animals: they regurgitate and rechew their food and they have split hoofs; the oral Torah gives additional signs (79:1). These signs are used when the parentage of the animal is not known; any viable offspring born to a kosher animal is kosher and vice versa, no matter what it looks like (79:2).

The Torah lists 24 unkosher types of birds; all other birds are kosher (82:1). The oral Torah gives signs that distinguish the kosher and unkosher types of birds, but today we do not eat a bird unless we have a reliable tradition that it is kosher (82:2-5).

Fish that have visible, removable scales at some stage in their lives must also have fins and are therefore kosher (83:1-3). (On doubtful cases see 83:4-6,9.) All other creatures that live in unconfined bodies of water are unkosher; drinking water should therefore be strained to remove small creatures from it (see 84:1-3).

The oral Torah gives signs that distinguish the kosher types of locusts, but today we eat them only if we have a reliable tradition that they are kosher (85:1). All other flying creatures (except for kosher birds) and land creatures (except for kosher animals) are unkosher; see 84:4-7,15-16. Foods that are likely to be infested must therefore be inspected for the presence of small creatures or strained to remove them; see 84:8-14 and 100:4.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Window to the World
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

'Moment'ary Blunders
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5763

A Place To Be
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

> The Day Falsehood Married Destruction
Shlomo Katz - 5761

A World is Built!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762

Home Alone
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

To Share in the Pain of Others
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Flooded With Real Ecstasy
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

Meaningful Speech
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Hidden Blessing
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

The Best Policy
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5765

The Choosing People
Rabbi Label Lam - 5761

ArtScroll

Never Underestimate the Power of Prayer
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Delight Amidst Devastation
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

Make it a Habit
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Immorality Around Us
Shlomo Katz - 5759



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information