It is forbidden to drink wine (made from grapes; see 123:8) that was
touched by a non-Jew, and it is sometimes even forbidden to derive benefit
from such wine because it may have been used for libation to an idol (123:1-2;
see Ch.11). The prohibition of deriving benefit applies primarily when
the non-Jew is an idolator (124:24;132:1,2; 134:2); on other classes of
persons see 124:1-9. These prohibitions apply to mixtures that taste like
wine or from which wine can be extracted, to distilled liquors made from
wine (123:24), and to water in which raisins or lees have been washed, but
not to wine that has been boiled or has congealed or has entirely turned
into vinegar or has been mixed with other substances so that it no longer
tastes like wine (123:3-16). They apply as soon as the wine begins to
separate from the grapes (123:17-21). The touching must be intentional
(see 124:10,24,27; 125:1,4,7,11) and a result of a direct action (see
124:17-18; 125:1-4), and must involve direct contact with or agitation of
the wine in a manner that could be used for libation (124:25; 126:4).
See the examples in 123:22,124:11-27 and 125:1-11; general principles on
this subject cannot be formulated (124:19).
If it is forbidden to derive benefit from wine and any amount of permitted
wine is added to it, all the permitted wine (if the flow is continuous: even
the part that has not yet been poured in; see 126:1-3,5 and 134:2) becomes
forbidden, but if it is added to permitted wine a little at a time the mixture
is permitted as long as the forbidden wine is less than 1/60 of it (134:1).
In any case, if it is not certain that the wine was used for libation it is
forbidden to derive benefit only from the forbidden portion of the mixture
(134:2). If the wine is forbidden only for drinking but deriving benefit
from it is permitted, a mixture of it with other wine is permitted if the
forbidden wine is less than 1/60 of the total (134:2). If forbidden wine
is mixed with a permitted liquid other than wine the mixture is permitted
if the wine cannot be tasted or gives the mixture a bad taste (134:3,6-7,13;
see 126:6-7). If the liquid is water we assume that the wine cannot be
tasted if it is less than 1/7 of the mixture (134:5; 137:1,3); thus if
forbidden wine is mixed with wine in which six times as much water is also
mixed (either previously or afterwards) the mixture is permitted (134:4).
If a large container of wine from which it is forbidden to derive benefit
becomes mixed with other containers it is forbidden to derive benefit from
the value of that container, but if the containers are small or if one of
them is lost the (remaining) containers are all permitted (134:2).
If forbidden wine comes into contact with food (even grapes) but is not
absorbed in it the food may be washed off and is then permitted. If it
is absorbed the food is forbidden unless the wine cannot be tasted or
gives the food a bad taste (134:8-12).
Vessels made of skin, wood, glass or stone that are not coated with pitch,
and in which forbidden wine was not stored for long periods even if it was
used in them frequently, may be used for permissible purposes after they
are rinsed out three times (135:1-3,11). Pottery vessels, or vessels that
are coated with pitch, or vessels in which forbidden wine was stored for
long periods (except for glass vessels), must be filled to overflowing
with water for 24 hours on three separate days, or with strong salt water
for 24 hours, or with boiling water, or the pitch must be scraped off them,
or their surfaces must be scraped off, or (in the case of pottery) they
must be heated white hot; otherwise they may be used after a year (135:1,
4,7-10,12-16). Alum vessels that were used for forbidden wine must never
be used (135:5,6). On cleaning a winepress and its associated utensils
after they were used for forbidden wine see 137:2;138. If permitted wine
was put in such a vessel before cleaning it (see 137:5) it is forbidden to
drink it but permitted to derive benefit from it, but if forbidden wine
was not stored in the vessel for long periods the permitted wine remains
permitted unless it remains in it for 24 hours (137:1), and it is
permissible to use it for other liquids or for salting after it is rinsed
Even when it is forbidden to derive benefit from wine because it was touched
by a non-Jew it is permitted to collect its value from that non-Jew; see
132:1. When a Jew sells wine to a non-Jew whose touch will forbid deriving
benefit from the wine the sale must be finalized before the non-Jew touches
the wine; see 132:2. On other transactions involving wine from which it is
forbidden to derive benefit see 132:3-7 and 133:1-7.
Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 ProjectGenesis, Inc.