Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part II: Yoreh De'ah

Chapter 23 - THE DOORPOST SCROLL (MEZUZAH)

We are commanded to write out the verses in Deut. 6:4-9 and 11:13-21 and to attach them to our doorposts (285:1;291:3); this attachment is called a MEZUZAH. The verses must be written on a single sheet (288:1,4), preferably in a single column (288:1-2) and in lines of equal length (288:9). The material and the ink must be the same as those used for a Torah scroll (288:5-7) and the sheet must be ruled (288:8). Small margins must be left on the top and bottom (see 288:1,14). The text must be written in order (288:3) and with the right hand (288:12). It is customary to use 22 lines (288:11) with the last two words at the beginning of the last line (288:10) and with the second passage beginning (after a space) on the last line of the first passage (288:13) and to write the Divine Name Sh-D-Y on the reverse of the sheet opposite this space (see 288:15). A MEZUZAH should be inspected every few years (see 291:1).

The sheet is rolled up from its end and inserted into a tube (with a gap in it to allow the Divine Name to be seen) and the tube is attached to the upright post of the door (289:5), preferably in its outer handsbreadth (285:2;289:2) and at the bottom of its upper third (but at least a handsbreadth below the lintel; see 289:2-3); it must be on the side to the right of a person who is entering (289:2). It is attached to the surface of the doorpost or inserted into a hole less than a handsbreadth deep (289:4). The tube is placed diagonally with the beginning of the text highest and closest to the inside of the doorway (289:6). The person who attaches it first recites the blessing "...Who commanded us to affix a MEZUZAH" (289:1).

Every doorway or gateway must have a MEZUZAH provided it has a lintel and two doorposts that are at least 10 handsbreadths high (287:1-2) and provided it is the entrance to a Jewish-owned space which is used for purposes of dignified living (see 286:1-7,10-12). The space should have an area of at least 16 square cubits (see 286:13) and should be roofed (286:14); opinions differ as to whether it must have a door (286:15). If a space has more than one door each of them requires a MEZUZAH (see 286:8-9,16-18,20-21); on a trapdoor see 286:19. A person who rents a house is required to affix a MEZUZAH (outside the land of Israel: after 30 days; 286:22) and should not take it with him when he leaves unless the house belongs to a non-Jew or the next resident will be a non-Jew; see 286:23 and 291:2.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 ProjectGenesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON DEVARIM AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

YomTov, vol. XIII # 3
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

One Heart
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

A Judgement Call
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

> Review
Shlomo Katz - 5763

No Empty Matter
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

Don't Just Scratch the Surface
Shlomo Katz - 5762

ArtScroll

17th of Tammuz: Why We Fast - Part 2
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Wise Rebuke
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5758

What to Cry About
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Payment in Full
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769

Rebuilding the Temple with Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

The Foundation of Piety
Shlomo Katz - 5773

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Table of Contents
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Body Language
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

The Darkest Corner
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information