A person should not sleep too long (see 4:16) and should not lie down to
sleep in the east-west direction (3:6;240:17). It is proper to feel sad
about the destruction of the Temple and the exile and to express these
feelings in prayer; the ends of the first, second, and third thirds of
the night are especially appropriate for such prayers (1:2-4).
A person should keep in mind that G-d is always observing him; when he
wakes up in the morning, he should get up promptly and prepare himself
to serve G-d (1:1;2:2). He should cover himself with a garment before
getting up and should take care that the garment not turn inside out
(2:1,3). He should put on his right shoe first and take it off last
(2:4-5) and should not go barefoot (2:6). He should stand in a humble
posture and should not walk four cubits with an uncovered head (2:6).
A person should check whether he needs to use the toilet (2:6;3:17)
and should behave modestly there (3:2,4,12). On proper toilet habits
see 3:1-3,5,7-11,13-16. Every morning, and each time he has used the
toilet, a person recites the blessing "...Who formed man in wisdom..."
When a person gets up in the morning he must wash his hands and
recite the blessing "...Who commanded us about washing the hands" (4:1).
Even if he has been up all night, gets up before dawn, or sleeps during
the day, he must wash, but without reciting the blessing (4:13-15).
Water should be poured over the hands three times (4:2); the right hand
should be washed first (see 4:10). The water should not be poured onto
the ground and must be disposed of (4:8-9). Some things that are required
in washing the hands before eating, regarding the amount and type of water
and the method of pouring (see Ch.12), are not essential when washing in
the morning; see 4:1,6-7,11-12,22. Some also wash their mouths out in
the morning (4:17); on drying the face see 4:20. On things that should
not be touched before (or even after) washing the hands see 4:3-5,21. On
other situations, such as going to the toilet, that require washing the
hands see 4:18-19,23.
Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project