Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part I: Orach Chayim

Chapter 10 - WASHING BEFORE EATING

A person should eat a substantial meal by the end of the first third of the day, but not later than noon; see 157:1. If he eats a sufficient quantity of bread (see 158:2-3), or makes a meal out of baked food made from grain (see 158:1), or eats food that is normally washed in liquid (see 158:4-5) and is touched by the hands, he must wash his hands if water is available (see 158:8;163:1); but washing is not required for drinking (158:6). On cases where the washing must be repeated see 158:7 and 164:1-2; on the importance of washing the hands see 158:9. After washing for bread or baked grain foods, the blessing "... Who commanded us about washing the hands" is recited (158:1,11;159:20) and the hands are dried (see 158:11-13;159:19).

A hand may be washed by entirely immersing it (see 158:13;159:7,14-19; 160:5,7;161:1;162:1) or by pouring water over it from a utensil that is made to hold liquid (see 159:1-7). The pouring must be by the direct act of a person (see 159:7-12), and there must be intent to wash for eating (see 159:13). The water must not be discolored (160:1), must be fit for an animal to drink (160:8-9), must not have been used for washing or for work purposes (see 160:2-3,11), and must be liquid (see 160:10,12); but it can be hot (see 160:6-8) and can have been used for drinking (see 160:4). On washing in other liquids see 160:12; on cases of doubt see 160:11; on disposing of the water see 162:10.

The hand should be washed up to the wrist (see 161:4), all at once (see 162:3). Nothing must prevent contact of the water with the hand unless its presence is unobjectionable; see 161:1-3. The required quantity of water (at least the volume of 1.5 eggs; see 158:10;160:13-15) should be poured over the hand all at once, or the water should be poured over the hand three times; if this is not done, the hands may need to be rewashed if they touch the used water or each other (see 162:1-2,4-10).

A person must wash his hands even if he eats without touching the food (see 163:1-2); but a person who feeds someone else need not wash his hands, provided the person who is eating has washed his hands (163:2). A person must wash his hands before eating even if he washed them previously and kept them clean, but he need not recite the blessing (see 158:7;164:1; 165:1). There should be no interruption between washing and eating; see 166:1. When many people are eating together, on the order in which they wash their hands see 165:2.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON LECH LECHA:

View Complete List

Use Them or Lose Them
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

I Believe
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5766

The Internal Journey
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Bris Milah: Mark of Distinction
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

Avraham's Strange Reaction
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5762

There's No Place Like Away From Home...
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

> The Moral of the Story
Shlomo Katz - 5768

The Treaty
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Count Us If You Can
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Go to the Land of Canaan
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

Freedom of Man
Shlomo Katz - 5760

The Deeds of the Patriachs
Shlomo Katz - 5772

ArtScroll

Jews vs. Judaism
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Cloudy Vision
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

Universal Responsibility
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5763

Reaching for Perfection
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information