Chapter 27 - THINGS THAT MUST NOT BE HANDLED ON THE SABBATH
It is forbidden to handle utensils whose use is forbidden (see 308:47) or
that are never used even on weekdays except for specific purposes that are
not permitted on the Sabbath (308:1,19). Utensils that are usually used
for purposes that are forbidden on the Sabbath may be used for permissible
purposes, or may be moved if their place is needed, but otherwise they must
not be handled (308:3-4,14,16,49,51;309:3,5;310:7). Other types of utensils
and their parts (see 308:8) may be handled whenever there is a reason for
doing so (308:4), even if they are very large or heavy (308:2). Books
(see 308:33,50), food (see 308:27-32;310:2;322:5), or utensils containing
them (see 308:5) may be handled even for no reason (308:4). Non-manufactured
objects such as rocks must not be handled even for purposes of use unless
they were set aside before the Sabbath for regular use (see 303:19;308:7,
10,17,20-26,38,45;311:8) or were made part of a utensil (see 309:2).
Repulsive objects may be handled if it is necessary to dispose of them
(see 279:6;308:34-37;310:1;338:8). Animals may be helped to move, but may
not be lifted (see 306:1;308:39-41;309:1). On moving a dead body see 311:1-7.
If a utensil breaks, even on the Sabbath, the pieces may be handled
if they are still usable or if it would be dangerous not to remove
them, but if they were discarded by their owner they must not be
handled; see 308:6-8,11-13,15-16,18,52. It is forbidden to handle
food that was put away by its owner before the Sabbath because it was
not yet fit to eat (see 310:2-5), or food that did not exist or was
not available when the Sabbath began (see 279:1;322:1-3;324:6).
Similarly, a utensil that was intentionally made forbidden (for example,
a lamp that was lit) when the Sabbath began must not be handled even after
it becomes permitted (for example, after the lamp goes out); see 279:1-5.
On things that arrive from outside the Sabbath boundary see 307:14.
Even when it is forbidden to handle an object, it is permitted to
touch it or to handle things that are in contact with it even if this
causes it to move; see 308:3,42-43 and 311:1,8-9. If an object that it
is forbidden to handle is put on top of a permissible object that
belongs to the same person with the intent that it remain there for
the Sabbath, handling the permissible object becomes forbidden (see
309:4) unless more important permissible objects are also on top of
it before the Sabbath (see 310:8-9); but if there was no such intent,
the permissible object may be moved so as to cause the forbidden object
to fall off it, or it may be removed with the forbidden object still on
it if its place is needed (277:3;279:1-2;308:27;309:3-5;310:7;311:8). A
utensil must not be put where forbidden objects will fall on it on the
Sabbath unless it was put there before the Sabbath (see 265:3-4;266:9;
305:19;310:6;335:4;338:8); but it is permitted to cover a forbidden
object with a utensil (see 310:6;322:1;338:7).
Large quantities of food should not be moved unless the space is needed
for religious purposes or the food is needed for guests; see 333:1-3 and
338:7. Food should not be transported in a standard way unless it is
needed for guests (see 323:5), and very large quantities of water should
not be drawn (see 338:6). On rescuing food from spilling see 314:11 and
Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project