Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part I: Orach Chayim

Chapter 31 - THE CALENDAR AND THE NEW MOON

A month is either 29 or 30 days long; in the latter case, the New Moon is celebrated on the 30th day of the month as well as the first day of the next month. The year is usually 12 months long, but in seven out of every 19 years, an additional month of Adar is added; see 427:1. The holidays, and the New Moons of each month, can occur only on certain days of the week (428:1-3).

On the Torah readings that occur just before the holidays see 428:4. On places where the Torah reading should (not) be divided see 428:5-7. On the readings from the Prophets on the Sabbaths from before the Ninth of Av to SUKKOS (Tabernacles) see 428:8. On most Sabbaths, the reading from the Prophets is related to the Torah reading (or if two portions are read from the Torah: to the second one); see 428:8.

It is permitted to do work on the New Moon, but women have the commendable custom of not working then (417:1). It is forbidden to fast on the New Moon, CHANUKAH, or PURIM (418:1-2); on what to do if a public or private fast (including a fast because of a bad dream) coincides with one of those days see 418:2-5. On mourning customs on those days, or on Friday afternoons or on days when TACHANUN is not recited, see 420:1-2. A large meal should be eaten on the New Moon (419:1).

In the evening, morning, and afternoon SHEMONEH ESREH on the New Moon, "May it ascend..." is added in the 17th blessing (as well as in the grace after meals); on what do do if it was omitted see 422:1 and 424:1. After the morning SHEMONEH ESREH, HALLEL (Psalms 113-118, omitting the first parts of 115 and 116) is recited standing, preceded by the blessing "...Who commanded us to read HALLEL" and followed by "They will praise you..."; see 422:2-7. KADDISH is then recited, and four people are called to read Num.28:1-15 from the Torah (423:1-2); customs differ as to whether Num.28:11-15 is also recited by individuals before the morning service (421:1). KADDISH, ASHREI, and U-VA LE-TZION are then recited, the TEFILLIN are removed, and the MUSAF AMIDAH is recited. After the reader's repetition of that AMIDAH, KADDISH and Psalm 104 are recited (423:3-4).

If the New Moon is on a Sabbath, "May it ascend..." is added in the fifth blessing of the evening, morning, and afternoon AMIDAH. The regular Sabbath portion is then read from one Torah scroll, and Num.28:9-15 from another one. Isaiah 66 is then read, but in some cases, special readings from the Prophets may take precedence over it. In the MUSAF AMIDAH, the fourth blessing mentions both the Sabbath and the New Moon. If the New Moon is on Sunday, the Sabbath reading from the Prophets is 1 Samuel 20:18-42 (425:1-3).

A person who sees the new moon during the first half of the month (but not before the tenth of Av or YOM KIPPUR; see also 607:1) recites the blessing "...Who by His Word created the heavens...". This blessing is recited standing outdoors at night, if possible after the Sabbath; see 426:1-4.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NETZAVIM AND VAYEILECH:

View Complete List

Rabbi Frand on Parshas Vayelech
- 5769

Wake Up, and Choose Life
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758

Knock, Knock, Knocking on Prayer's Gate
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

> Parting Words
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5757

Why Is Rosh Hashanah Hiding?
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Personal Business Plan
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Standing By The Covenant
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765

A Person Thinks... and G-d Laughs
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5755

Haven't I Seen You Somewhere Before?
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Just One More!
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Timely Words
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

Speaking Of Redemption
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

ArtScroll

Paying Attention to the Voice of the Almighty
- 5767

The Doors to Teshuva Never Fully Close
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5766

Lessons to be Learned from the Jealousy of Moshe Rabbeinu
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

The Covenant and Remembrance
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information