All types of work that are forbidden on the Sabbath are also forbidden
on holidays, except for making fire and moving things from one domain
to another (495:1). Work that is necessary for preparing food for the
holiday and that could not have been done before the holiday is also
permitted, but if there is no disadvantage in doing it before the
holiday, it should not be done on the holiday except in a nonstandard
way (495:1). Hunting, harvesting, threshing, squeezing (to extract
liquids from food), and grinding are rabbinically forbidden (495:2).
Food preparation should be done on a holiday only if at least some of
the food is needed on that day; see 503:1-2 and 527:23-24. When a holiday
occurs on Friday, some food should be prepared for the Sabbath before the
holiday (this food is called an ERUV TAVSHILIN); preparation of food for
the Sabbath may then be continued on Friday (see 527:1-6,13) as long as
some of the ERUV remains (see 527:14-18). The ERUV may be prepared by
one person on behalf of others; the person who prepares it recites the
blessing "...Who commanded us about an ERUV" (see 527:7-12). On what
may be done if no ERUV was prepared see 527:19-22. An ERUV CHATZEROS for
the Sabbath (see Ch.31) must not be collected on the holiday (528:2).
Outside the land of Israel, where holidays are observed for two days,
the holiday laws apply on both days (496:1); but care of the sick (even
when there is no danger to life) is permitted on the second day (except
for the second day of ROSH HA-SHANAH) if it involves only rabbinical
prohibitions (496:2-3). The dead may be handled by Jews and buried by
non-Jews even on the first day of a holiday if necessary, but must not
be handled even by non-Jews on the Sabbath or on YOM KIPPUR; see 496:2
Food preparation is permitted only if the food is consumable by Jews;
see 506:6 and 512:1-3. On moving things from one domain to another for
the benefit of a non-Jew see 518:2. It is forbidden to benefit from work
done by a non-Jew or to handle things that result from such work; see
515:1-9 and 517:1. On acquiring things from a non-Jew see 517:1-2.
Things that were not intended for use on the holiday, or that did not
exist before the holiday, must not be handled unless necessary (see
495:4;509:7); for examples see 507:2;513:1-8;518:3-4,6-9. Repulsive
objects may be removed (518:5), and objects may be covered to protect
A person should honor the holidays and rejoice on them as be does on the
Sabbath (529:1-2). Half of his time should be spent on Torah study
and half on eating and drinking (but not excessively; see 529:1,3-4).
He should prepare for a holiday in advance (531:1) and should celebrate
it with extra food and fine clothes (529:1). He should use two loaves
of bread and drink wine at every meal, but it is not customary to eat a
third meal (529:1). He should light a candle, and recite the blessing
"...Who commanded us to light a holiday candle" (514:11).
day of Sivan (494:3).
Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project