I had some cake and meant to say Al ha-michyah but mistakenly I bentched
instead. Do I still need to recite Al ha-michyah?
No, you do not. B’diavad, you have fulfilled your obligation of Al
ha-michyah through bentsching. This holds true even if you said only the
first bracha of bentsching (until hazan es hakol); you do not continue the
rest of bentsching nor do you recite Al ha-michyah.
What about the reverse: I washed and ate bread, and by mistake I said Al
ha-michyah. Do I still need to bentch?
The poskim debate this question extensively, and since no clear consensus
emerges, one should be extra careful not to make such a mistake. If,
however, this mishap occurs, the proper thing to do is to wash again and eat
another k’zayis of bread and then recite the full bentsching. If for some
reason one cannot do so, he may rely on the lenient views and not bentsch.
Am I required to recite Birkas ha-mazon in the exact spot where I ate or
may I bentsch anywhere in the room?
Many poskim hold that even l’chatchilah one may recite Birkas ha-mazon
anywhere in the room in which he ate, even if the room is so large that he
cannot see the spot where he ate from where he presently is. The halachah
follows this view. Still, a minority opinion holds that whenever possible,
one should bentsch in the exact place where he ate.
This halachah applies to a meal eaten indoors. If, however, a meal is eaten
outdoors, e.g., a picnic, birkas ha-mazon must be recited at the exact spot
where the meal was eaten or, when necessary, within four amos of that place.
If one finished eating, forgot to bentch, and left the premises, must he
return to where he ate in order to recite birkas ha-mazon?
If, by the time he remembers to bentsch, the food has already started to
become digested, i.e., he no longer feels full, he can no longer recite
birkas ha-mazon. [Although many poskim mention seventy-two minutes as the
time when digestion begins, in reality, this time frame depends on each
individual’s digestive system and on the amount of food that he ate. Thus, a
better method to determine the onset of digestion is when one no longer
feels full from the previous meal and is ready to eat again.]
But one who remembers to bentsch before the food has begun to be digested is
obligated to bentch even though he is no longer at the premises where he
ate. The Rishonim, however, disagree on whether or not the halachah requires
him to return to where he ate in order to bentsch, or whether he may bentsch
at his present location. Whenever possible, therefore, one should make every
effort to quickly return to the place where he ate and bentsch. But under
extenuating circumstances one may rely on the lenient opinions and bentsch
wherever he finds herself at the time he remembered to bentsch.
There are two exceptions to the above rule: 1) If by the time he will return
to the place where he ate, more than seventy-two minutes will have passed
from the time he finished eating, he should bentsch immediately and not go
back. 2) If there is bread available at the place where he presently finds
herself, he need not return to the place where he ate originally. Instead,
he should wash her hands (without reciting al netilas yadayim), recite
ha-motzi, eat (at least) a small amount of bread (even less than a k’zayis)
and then recite birkas ha-mazon.
If one finished eating mezonos, wine or the fruits of shiv’as ha-minim,
and then forgot to recite the appropriate bracha acharonah (Al ha-michyah,
etc.) and left the premises, must he return to where he ate in order to
recite the brachah acharonah?
If he can return to where he ate without undue delay, he should do so.
Otherwise, he may be lenient and recite the appropriate blessing in her
However, when one eats foods whose bracha acharona is borei nefashos, he
need not return to where he ate if he left without reciting a bracha
acharona (But l’chatchilah he should not leave the location where he ate
until after reciting borei nefashos); instead, he recites borei nefashos at
her present location.
Are women obligated in the mitzvah of zimun?
If a woman ate a meal together with at least three other men, she is
obligated to join in the zimun together with them. She may not leave the
table until the zimun takes place, and if, for some reason, she must leave
temporarily, the men should wait for her to return to the table in order to
proceed with the zimun.
Three or more women who ate a meal together may recite the zimun for
themselves if they wish, but they are under no obligation to do so. [Ten or
more women who join together for a meal may be recite the zimun for
themselves if they wish, but they are not permitted to recite the word
“Elokeinu” during the zimun.] For undetermined reasons, this optional zimun
is not practiced today among the Ashkenazim
In all other cases, such as two women and a man, or two men and a woman
eating together (or nine men and a woman eating together who would like to
recite the zimun with Elokeinu), it is forbidden to recite the zimun.