Parshas Vayigash 5758
Volume 4 Issue 12
by Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky
The plot thickens. At the end of last week's portion, Yoseph accused the
brothers of stealing his magic goblet. Yehuda, in charge of the troupe,
denies even the remotest possibility that any one of the brothers could be
a thief. So confident was Yehuda that he pre-ordained the would-be thief
to a death penalty and offered the remaining group of nine brothers as
slaves were if the egregious accusations proved correct. Unfortunately,
Yehuda was unaware of Yoseph's precontrived ruse of planting the goblet in
Benjamin's sack. This week's portion begins as Yoseph wants to keep
Binyamin, and only Binyamin, as a slave, something that Yehuda will battle
to the very end to prevent. Yoseph and his brothers confront each other.
In a mixed array of rage, fury, and emotional pleas, Yehuda bargains with
Yoseph. Almost threatening war over the matter, Yehuda explains that
"Benjamin cannot be taken as a slave as he has left an old father who
awaits his return. If he will not return to his father, the old man will
die of grief and aggravation. After all, he already lost one son to a
After seeing the concern that Yehuda has for his younger brother, Yoseph
makes the startling revelation. "I am Joseph Is my father still alive?"
(Genesis 45:3) Yoseph then forgives the brothers and tells them that his
episode was divinely preordained. It set the path as a lifeline from the
ensuing famine. He then sends his brothers back to Canaan to bring his
father, but before doing so he presents each of them with a set of clothes.
However, Yoseph gives his youngest brother Benjamin five sets of clothing
and three hundred pieces of silver (Genesis 45:22). The Talmud (Megillah
16b) asks a very poignant question. How is it that Yoseph, a victim of
jealousy, provoked his brothers by favoring Benyamin? Didn't jealousy spur
the hatred that led to the original calamity? Why didn't he learn from
past experience, not to show favoritism? The Talmud explains that Yoseph
was very calculated in his actions. He was alluding to a similar event
that would occur in the future. After being saved from the gallows,
Mordechai, a descendent of Benyamin, miraculously rose to power and
prestige. He was gifted with five changes of clothing as he left the
palace of Achashveirosh. Benjamin's five changes of clothing were symbolic
of a future sartorial gift that Benyamin's descendent would one day
receive. Some commentaries ask a powerful question. Obviously, Yoseph did
not explain the deep meaning of his actions to his brothers. What then was
gained by favoring Benjamin in front of them? Would the symbolic reference
negate any ill feeling? Would some mysterious token resolve a problem that
may have been simmering? Why does Yoseph, in the midst of the turmoil of
his startling revelation, decide to make a ceremonial gift that favors one
brother over the rest, in order to foreshadow an event destined to occur in
more than 1,000 years in the future? Could he have not saved symbolism for
a more complacent setting?
Rabbi Paysach Krohn tells this beautiful tale in his latest work, Along the
In 1939, the Nazi Gestapo shut down Rabbi Moshe Schneider's yeshiva in
Frankfurt, Germany. With tremendous effort and support from the English
community, he was able to relocate the school to England. Survival during
that horrific period was both a tremendous spiritual and physical challenge
but two boys in the Yeshiva helped meet that challenge. They both were
named Moshe. One Moshe would rise in the early hours of the morning and
pick up leftover bread from a generous bakery. Carrying the bags of bread
and leftover rolls while walking through the bitter cold was not easy, but
Moshe never missed his duties. In fact, he often took the place of other
boys who were supposed to do the chore.
The other Moshe also woke up early. He led a special learning session
before dawn. He encouraged his friends to make the extra effort - which
they religiously did.
After years of uninterrupted efforts, one day the boys got public
recognition. Rabbi Schneider blessed them in front of the entire school.
"Moshe who shleps the bread is not only schlepping today's bread. One day,
he will help distribute bread for thousands of people. And the Moshe who
is concerned with spirituality of others will continue to do so in years to
come," announced the Rosh Yeshiva. "Their actions today are only seeds of
His words proved true. Moshe, the bread-shlepper, became Moshe (Paul)
Reichman, one of our generation's most benevolent philanthropists. Moshe,
the young teacher, became Rabbi Moshe Shternbuch, Rav in Johannesburg,
South Africa and Har Nof, Israel, an author of prestigious books on Jewish
Law, and a teacher of thousands.
Perhaps Yoseph is telling us the secret of our people. Moments earlier
Benyamin stood in shackles. He was accused of stealing a magic goblet and
was humiliatingly sentenced with life-long enslavement to Pharaoh. Moments
later he was not only liberated, but identified with honor and integrity as
the blood brother, from both mother and father, of the most powerful man in
the world. Yoseph gives the former slave-to-be a special a five-fold gift
as an announcement to the world. With Benyamin, he declares the destiny of
his people. Yoseph declares through Binyamin that today's events are our
manifest destiny. Due to the courageous actions of Yehuda, Binyamin, the
slave-to-be, walked away triumphantly, not with one change of clothing but
with five. This was not a symbolism for thousands of years to come, but
rather a symbolism of the ever-present character of the Jewish people.
The events of Benyamin in Egypt manifested themselves in almost direct
comparison and beautiful symmetry with events that occurred centuries later
in Persia. Mordechai the Yehudi, a descendant of Benjamin and by many
accounts Yehuda, stood his ground under the greatest threats of death and
humiliation. He defied the prophets of doom and walked away with glory
Yoseph's message was no riddle, it was no illusion, and it was no mystical
prophecy. It was our destiny. Courage in the trying times yields
greatness. It was not a message only for the future. It was a message of
the future - for today. That was a message all the brothers could
appreciate -- at that moment. It is a message we too, can appreciate --right now.
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