Volume 6 Issue 10
by Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky
In one of the most dramatic episodes of the Torah, this week’s portion
tells us how Yoseph breaks the news that he is not just the viceroy of
Egypt, but also that he is their brother. "He then kissed all his brothers
and wept upon them; afterwards, his brothers conversed with him: The news
was heard in Pharaoh's palace saying, "Yoseph's brothers have come!" And it
was pleasing in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants.
Pharaoh said to Yoseph, "Say to your brothers, 'Do this -- load up your
animals and go directly to the land of Canaan. Bring your father and your
households and come to me. I will give you the best of the land of Egypt,
and you will eat the fat of the land"
Then Yoseph told his brothers, "Hurry -- go up to my father and say to him,
'So said your son Yoseph -- "G-d has made me master of all Egypt. Come down
to me; do not delay. You will reside in the land of Goshen and you will be
near to me -- you, your sons, your grandchildren, your flock and your
cattle, and all that is yours. I will provide for you there -- for there
will be five more years of famine -- so you do not become destitute, you,
your household, and all that is yours. "
Yoseph concludes his entreaty by showing his sincerity. "Behold! Your eyes
see as do the eyes of my brother Binyamin that it is my mouth that is
speaking to you. (see Genesis Chap. 45)
What does Yoseph mean, "it is my mouth that is speaking to you"? Of course
it is his mouth!
Yosef realized that the brothers would be skeptical. Rashi explains he
spoke in Lashon Hakodesh, the Hebrew language, as proof of his true
heritage. The Ramban, however, feels that speaking Hebrew would not prove
anything. Egypt was close to Canaan, and leaders were fluent in many
languages. Surely they knew Hebrew, the language of a neighboring country.
Perhaps the inclusion of Binyamin and the words my mouth can shed some
light on the matter.
During the beginnings of détente in the 1970s, Soviet Premier Leonid
Brezhnev held a summit with President Richard Nixon. At the time, many
organizations which were active in the struggle to free Soviet Jews planned
a massive rally in Washington against the Russian Government. A long-time
policy of Agudath Israel was not to join in unrestricted protests, as they
did not want to be associated with many violent and inappropriate comments
that those demonstrations often induced. In addition, the Agudah leadership
worked behind the scenes to help their imprisoned brothers, using a
stratagem of continued quiet diplomacy as leverage.
There was much pressure to participate in the Washington rally, which would
be a clear show of Jewish resolve to be seen by Russia's top official. But
it was a very delicate time in the United States for Soviet-US relations,
and an ugly showing against the USSR could have a negative impact.
The President of Agudath Israel, Rabbi Moshe Sherer, ob"m, brought the
question to my grandfather, Rabbi Yaakov Kamenetzky, ob"m, a senior member
of the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah, the Agudah's Council of Torah Sages which
guided every aspect of Agudah policy.
His response was, "This protest in front of the Washington Monument is in
the heart of the capitol of the country that has been the kind host to
Torah Judaism during our sojourn here. Do you know if the Nixon
Administration wants to see a big protest against the Soviet Government
during these delicate negotiations?"
Rabbi Sherer, who had a relationship with the State Department, responded,
"the officials said that they did not want to see protestors."
My grandfather turned to Rabbi Sherer and re-stated his question. "Your job
is not to find out what they said. I know what they said. Now your job is
to find out what they want!"
Yoseph, in seconds, transformed from a vicious Prime Minister willing to
imprison an old man's youngest son, to a once-scorned brother who is filled
with love and compassion. He invites the rest of the family he just
threatened moments ago to join him in Egypt. He promises to provide for
them and treat them royally.
Was this a trick? Was it a ploy to get more members of Yaakov's family
snarled in the net he carefully laid for the eleven who presently stood in
front of him? Was Yosef acting as a spokesman for the regime of the Pharaoh
who ruled the powerful land of Egypt?
Yosef responds by linking the affinity for his brother Binyamin together
with his generous assurances that it is my mouth that is speaking to you.
"It is my mouth," says Yoseph, not the mouth of Pharaoh. I am no spokesman
for a regime. I speak with the wholesome sincerity of a blood-brother, who,
unlike a bureaucrat, is wholly honest in his commitment.
When listening for the opinions of others, or even offering our own advice,
we must be sure of who is really speaking and where the words are coming
from. Are they our words or just words for the hour?
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Copyright © 1998 by Rabbi M. Kamenetzky and Project Genesis, Inc.
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The author is the Associate Dean of the
Yeshiva of South Shore.
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