Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend


20. Fasts - Taaniyos

We are commanded to cry out and to blow trumpets when the community is in distress, as it says "...For the adversary that distresses you blow the trumpets"1; the sages instituted fasting and a special order of prayers on such occasions. Similarly, if an individual is in distress he should fast and pray for mercy.a

All Israel are accustomed to fast on the third day of Tishrei, the tenth day of Teves, the seventeenth day of Tammuz, the ninth day of Av, and the thirteenth day of Adar in commemoration of events that happened on those days. If any of these fasts falls on the sabbath it is deferred to Sunday (except for that of the thirteenth of Adar which is held on the preceding Thursday). On all of them except the ninth of Av it is permissible to eat at night. In the days of the Messiah all of these fasts will become festivals, as it says "The fast of the fourth month [Tammuz] and the fast of the fifth month [Av] and the fast of the seventh month [Tishrei] and the fast of the tenth month [Teves] will become for the house of Judah good times of joy and happiness". 2,b

From the beginning of the week in which the ninth of Av occurs one must not cut one's hair or wash clothes, and it is customary not to bathe or to eat meat. On the ninth of Av washing, anointing, wearing shoes, and sexual relations are forbidden just as on Yom Kippur. The sages instituted [these restrictions and various other signs of mourning] in commemoration of the destruction of the Temple.c

Sources:

1. Num. 10:9 a. 1:1,4,9; 4:1
2. Zechariah 8:19 b. 5:1-5,19
c. 5:6,10,l2ff.



 






ARTICLES ON SHOFTIM AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

The Fast of Gedalya
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

Objectively Honest
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Those are the Questions?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Starting From Scratch
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

Of Rocks and Hundred Dollar Bills
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

If the Shoe Fits Much Better…
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764

ArtScroll

Judges, Kings, Workers & Scholars
Shlomo Katz - 5771

Month of Elul: The Power of Repentance
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Shofar: The Court Summons
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

> A Time for Fear, A Time for Joy
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

It's a Nice Soft Suicide…
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Wake Up!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Blueprint for Utopia
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5772

There is a Treasure
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Justice or Fancy?
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Laws and Louisiana
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information