Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend


31. Vows - Nedarim

If a person forbids something tangible to himself even without swearing an oath, he must fulfill his vow and he is forbidden to violate it, as it says "[If a man makes a vow...] to forbid himself something, his word shall not be annulled; he must do everything that comes out of his mouth"1; and it says "[If you make a vow...] you must keep and do what comes out of your lips".2,a He must forbid it by saying that it is like something which it is in his power to make forbidden -- e.g., like a sacrifice or other donation to the Temple that can be brought by an individual.b A person can also forbid his own property to others.c

As with oaths, a vow must be expressed orally and with intent; it can be administered by others; it is not binding if made under duress or in ignorance of the facts or in exaggeration; and one can be released from it in the same way as from an oath. Unlike oaths, however, one can include oneself in a vow made by another and can extend the scope of a vow to new things; and one can forbid to himself things necessary for the fulfillment of a commandment.d

A father can annul the vows and oaths of his young unmarried daughter on the day he hears them, as it says ["And if a woman makes a vow... in her father's house in her youth... and her father opposes her on the day he hears], all her vows and prohibitions that she made on herself do not stand, and Ha-Shem will forgive her since her father opposed her".3 Similarly, a husband can annul his wife's vows and oaths even if he does not hear them, as it says "And if she made a vow in her husband's house... and if her husband annulled (it) on the day he heard... it does not stand...; any vow or oath to prohibit, to afflict... her husband can annul it".4 A husband can completely annul a vow only if it involves affliction; otherwise, he can annul it only as regards himself but not as regards others.e

Sources:

1. Num. 30:3 a. 1:1,4-5; 3:10; see 13:25
2. Deut. 23:22-24 b. 1:9
3. Num. 30:4-6 c. 5:lff
4. Num. 30:11-14 d. 2:1-3; 3:3-6; 4:1,5
e. 11:6,8,21; 12:1-2



 

ARTICLES ON KI SISA AND PURIM:

View Complete List

Remember What?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764

Sobering Stories for Purim
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Triple Purim?
- 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Answering the Call
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

Terrorist Threat
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5766

Knowing Why and When To Say When
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5759

ArtScroll

The Elements of Purim
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758

Let The Cow Come And Clean Up The Mess Left By The Calf
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

When Things Look Bleak
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

No Need to Go Anywhere
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Eat, Drink and Be Merry: A Spiritual Celebration
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

The Birthplace of Idolatry
Rabbi Label Lam - 5773

> Commanding Emotions
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5769

Ceding Control
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

The Amalek Within Us
Shlomo Katz - 5764

Tipping the Scales
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information