Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend


38. Second Tithe and Fourth-Year Fruit - Maaser Sheni ve-Neta Revai

a) The Second Tithe

After setting aside the first tithe one sets aside a tenth of the remainder; this is called the second tithe (but in the third and sixth years of the sabbatical cycle it is given to the poor). When the Temple exists it should be eaten in Jerusalem, as it says "And you shall eat before Ha-Shem your G-d in the place that he shall choose... the tithe of your grain, wine and oil"1; or it can be redeemed (outside Jerusalem) for 5/4 of its value and the proceeds used to buy food to be eaten in Jerusalem [as it says "And if the way is too long for you... you may put [it] into money...] and you may give the money for anything that you desire... and eat there...".1 When the Temple does not exist it can still be redeemed outside Jerusalem, not necessarily for its full value, and the thing that it is redeemed for must be destroyed. It is forbidden to eat it outside Jerusalem (rabbinically, even if it has never been there), as it says "You shall not eat the tithe of your grain, wine and oil in your gates".2,a

A person who is impure or uncircumcised or who has just lost a close relative is forbidden to eat the second tithe in Jerusalem (and rabbinically, even outside), as it says "I have not eaten it while in mourning and have not consumed it while impure".3 Similarly, one may not consume the second tithe if it has become impure; one must then redeem it, even in Jerusalem. It is forbidden to redeem it for anything that cannot be used for eating, drinking, or anointing, as it says "And have not given it to the dead"3 -- that is, have not used it for anything that does not sustain the body; and it cannot be used for any commercial purpose.b

On the last day of Pesach in the fourth and seventh years of the sabbatical cycle, after all the tithes of the preceding year have been consumed, we are commanded to recite the "confession of the tithes", as it says "When you have finished tithing all the tithes of your crops in the third year... you shall say before Ha-Shem your G-d `I have cleared out the sacred things from the house'...".4,c

b) The Fruit of the Fourth Year

The fruit of a tree in the fourth year after its planting (or grafting) must be eaten in Jerusalem like the second tithe, as it says "And in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy for rejoicing to Ha-Shem"5; no offerings or tithes or gifts to the poor are given from it.d

Sources:

1. Deut. 14:23-26 a. 1:1, 2:1-3,5-6; 5:1
2. Deut. 12:17 b. 3:1-5,10,17; 7:3
3. Deut. 26:14 c. 11:1-3,7,12
4. Deut. 26:12-13 d. 9:1,4; 10:14
5. Lev. 19:24



 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Noah's Spiritual Leadership
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771

Delight Amidst Devastation
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

Send The Guinea Pig!
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Great Is Peace
- 5769

Gevuros and History
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Compounded Interest
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5761

ArtScroll

The World is a Symphony
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Free Gifts for People Who Find Favor
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5767

Free Time
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

> Can You Enjoy While Others Lack?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

The Sign of the Olive
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

No Fear, No Fair
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Noach Did Not Become Wicked, He Just Became Plain
- 5768

Great In His Own Times
Rabbi Yitzchok Adlerstein - 5768

"G-d Watches Over Man"
Shlomo Katz - 5764

Miracles Can Happen Slowly
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information