Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend


38. Second Tithe and Fourth-Year Fruit - Maaser Sheni ve-Neta Revai

a) The Second Tithe

After setting aside the first tithe one sets aside a tenth of the remainder; this is called the second tithe (but in the third and sixth years of the sabbatical cycle it is given to the poor). When the Temple exists it should be eaten in Jerusalem, as it says "And you shall eat before Ha-Shem your G-d in the place that he shall choose... the tithe of your grain, wine and oil"1; or it can be redeemed (outside Jerusalem) for 5/4 of its value and the proceeds used to buy food to be eaten in Jerusalem [as it says "And if the way is too long for you... you may put [it] into money...] and you may give the money for anything that you desire... and eat there...".1 When the Temple does not exist it can still be redeemed outside Jerusalem, not necessarily for its full value, and the thing that it is redeemed for must be destroyed. It is forbidden to eat it outside Jerusalem (rabbinically, even if it has never been there), as it says "You shall not eat the tithe of your grain, wine and oil in your gates".2,a

A person who is impure or uncircumcised or who has just lost a close relative is forbidden to eat the second tithe in Jerusalem (and rabbinically, even outside), as it says "I have not eaten it while in mourning and have not consumed it while impure".3 Similarly, one may not consume the second tithe if it has become impure; one must then redeem it, even in Jerusalem. It is forbidden to redeem it for anything that cannot be used for eating, drinking, or anointing, as it says "And have not given it to the dead"3 -- that is, have not used it for anything that does not sustain the body; and it cannot be used for any commercial purpose.b

On the last day of Pesach in the fourth and seventh years of the sabbatical cycle, after all the tithes of the preceding year have been consumed, we are commanded to recite the "confession of the tithes", as it says "When you have finished tithing all the tithes of your crops in the third year... you shall say before Ha-Shem your G-d `I have cleared out the sacred things from the house'...".4,c

b) The Fruit of the Fourth Year

The fruit of a tree in the fourth year after its planting (or grafting) must be eaten in Jerusalem like the second tithe, as it says "And in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy for rejoicing to Ha-Shem"5; no offerings or tithes or gifts to the poor are given from it.d

Sources:

1. Deut. 14:23-26 a. 1:1, 2:1-3,5-6; 5:1
2. Deut. 12:17 b. 3:1-5,10,17; 7:3
3. Deut. 26:14 c. 11:1-3,7,12
4. Deut. 26:12-13 d. 9:1,4; 10:14
5. Lev. 19:24



 

ARTICLES ON NASO AND SHAVUOS:

View Complete List

Spirituality Between People
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Respectful Repeats
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Itís All in the Delivery
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Blessing Which Can Never Be Retracted
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

Holistic Modeling
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

Eat, Drink, and Receive the Torah
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Mother of Loyalty, Mother of Spin
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5759

One for All and All for One
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

Every Last Drop
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5758

> The Untouchables
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

Ups and Downs
Shlomo Katz - 5761

Behold Your Teacher!
Shlomo Katz - 5774

ArtScroll

Confusion!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761

The Preface to the Story of the Moshiach
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

At Any Given Moment
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762

Nicknames for the Torah
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information