Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 118:11
Preparations for the Seder

11. A son attending a Seder in his father's presence is obligated to recline (1). In contrast, a student attending a Seder in his Rebbe's (teacher) presence need not recline (2).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) It is a mitzvah on the night of Pesach to act and feel as if you, yourself, were just freed from slavery in Egypt; this is derived from the verse "and you shall remember that YOU were a slave..." (Deut 5:15), and the verse which tells us to tell our children that "He took US out of there" (Deut 6:23). The Sages established the mitzvah of reclining to the left during the seder, as an outward expression of this newfound freedom, because royality and nobility in those days reclined while eating (Rambam, 'Yad', Chometz U'Matzah 7:7).

There is one authority who rules that since nowadays it is not the custom of nobility to recline, we are not obligated to recline during the seder. However most authorities disagree and rule that if one did not recline while performing the mitzvah of eating matzah (including "Korech" and "Afikoman"), and drinking the four cups of wine, then one has not fulfilled his obligation and must eat or drink again. It is preferable (but not obligatory) to recline while eating and drinking the entire seder meal.

Although it would be generally considered disrespectful for a son to recline in his father's presence, we assume that the father forgoes this outward sign of respect on the Seder night, so that his son can perform the mitzvah (this is true even if the father is also his son's teacher) (Mishna Berura 472:14).

(2) According to the Talmud, the reverence a student must have for his Rebbe is comparable to the reverence he must have for G-d. Therefore, if the student has not received permission from his Rebbe to recline, it would be prohibited for him to recline. Some authorities rule that if the Rebbe gives permission for the student to recline, then the student is obligated to recline ( Mishna Berura 472:16).

Back  Paragraph 10  Table of Contents  

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON BESHALACH AND TU BESHVAT:

View Complete List

A Table in the Wilderness
Shlomo Katz - 5758

Empathy for Others -- A Great Quality in Both the Wicked and the Righteous
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Complaining About The Quality Of The Miracle
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

> How to Always Be Happy
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Freight and Handling
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5764

Enjoy the Ride
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Bitachon in Redemption
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Booty Is Risky
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760

A Cry from the Heart
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Leaving To Prey
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

Jewish Survival
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765

Appreciation in Times of Pain
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770

ArtScroll

The Song That Never Ends
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

Following Orders
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5762

Everyone Needs Attention
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

The Two Loaves
Shlomo Katz - 5773



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information