Laws of Public Fast Days
2. These are the [public fast] days: The third of Tishrei, the day on which Gedaliah ben Achikam was murdered. After the destruction of the [first] Beit Hamikdash (Temple) (1), Nebuchadnezzar (2) had left [Gedailiah] in the Land of Israel, and appointed him as the head of the [remnants] of the Jewish people [who were still living there] (3). After he was murdered, the entire populace was exiled, thousands [more] were killed, and the spark of Israel that remained [in the Holy Land] was extinguished (4).
(1) Destroyed in 422 BCE
(2) Ruler of the Babylonian Empire, who's army destroyed the first Beit Hamikdash.
(3) Most of the Jews had been exiled to Babylon.
(4) For the full story, see II Kings Chapter 25, and Jeremiah Chapters 39,40 and 41.
Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.
TETZAVEH AND PURIM:
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756
Behind the Purim Mask
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768
I Will Build a Mishkan in My Heart
Rabbi Yaakov Horowitz - 5767
Keeping our Wisdom
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773
The Elements of Purim
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758
Parashas Zochor: Doomsday Amalek
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768
Master the Torah
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5755
The Heart of Gold - Perceiving Amalek
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764
G’d the Source of Life
Rabbi Yosef Kalatzky - 5771
It Shows on the Forhead...
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764
Amalek: Existence and Non-Existence
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766
Shlomo Katz - 5761
A Month of Happiness
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757
Shlomo Katz - 5762