Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 121:3 and 4
Laws of Public Fast Days

3. [Another public fast day] is the tenth of Teves, the day Nebuchadnezzar (King of Babylon) camped around Jerusalem and began its siege. Ultimately, this led to the destruction of the first Beit Hamikdash (Temple).

4. The seventeenth of Tammuz [is also a public fast day]; five catastrophes happened on this date:

a) The tablets [of the Law] were broken (1) when Moses descended from Mount [Sinai], as related in the Torah [Exodus 32:19].

b) The "Korban Tomid" ("daily sacrifice") ceased to be offered [in the first Beit Hamikdash, as a result of the siege by Nebuchadnezzar's army].

c) [The walls surrounding] the city of Jerusalem were breached before the destruction of the Second Temple. Before the destruction of the First Temple, [the walls] were breached on the ninth of the month, as [Jeremiah 52:6-7] states: "In the fourth month, on the ninth of the month, the famine became very severe...and the city was breached." However, before the destruction of the Second Temple, [the walls] were breached on the seventeenth of the month, and that day became a public fast, as opposed to the ninth, because] the destruction of the Second Temple affected us more severely (2). .

(Furthermore, the Jerusalem Talmud relates that, before the destruction of the First Temple as well, it was on the seventeenth of Tammuz that the city's walls were destroyed)

d) The wicked general, Apostumus, burned a Torah scroll.

e) An idol was set up in the Temple Sanctuary by a group of evil Jews. This led to the Temple's destruction and our exile.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) That is, the two stone tablets ("luchos") upon which the Ten Commandments were written; when Moses descended from Mt Sinai, and saw the Jews dancing around the Golden Calf, he shattered the Tablets on the ground.

(2) In the sense that we are still suffering in the exile created by the destruction of the second Beit Hamikdash.

Back  Paragraph 2  Table of Contents  Paragraph 5 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON EIKEV:

View Complete List

On the "Heel" of Moshiach, Part II
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Going Beyond the Carrot
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

Hashem Does Not Need Our Mitzvos
Shlomo Katz - 5760

ArtScroll

Wear Your Shoes
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

The Summary of All Fear
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Treat With Care
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Everything
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

All will be Set Right
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5772

Priorities: Nothing is Small
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Fatherís Love
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5766

Thereness And Awareness
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Just One Request
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5764

> Who is Your Favorite Artist?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

The Tree of Life
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

National Consequence
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

The Spice Of Life
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5774



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information