Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 121:8
Laws of Public Fast Days

8. There is a difference between the first three fasts mentioned (1) and Tish'ah B'Av. On the first three fasts, one may eat on the night before the fast until dawn provided one did not sleep for an extended period beforehand. If, however, one did sleep for an extended period, one is forbidden to eat or drink upon rising, [even if it is before dawn], unless one made an explicit stipulation to that effect before going to sleep. If one is accustomed to drinking after sleep, it is unnecessary to make a stipulation about drinking.

In contrast, on Tish'ah B'Av, one must stop eating and drinking before sunset (on the previous day). Also, on the first three fast days, washing oneself with water, anointing oneself with oil, wearing [leather] shoes, and marital relations are permitted, while on Tish'ah B'Av all these activities are forbidden (2).

[Nevertheless,] a "Baal Nefesh" (3) who is healthy, should be stringent and [refrain from all these activites] on the other fast days as on Tish'ah B'Av; however, one should not be stringent regarding wearing leather shoes, because one might become the object of ridicule. If [one's wife] has to immerse in the mikveh during the evening [before] one of the first three fasts, one should fulfill one's obligation of engaging in marital relations ("onah") [on that night] (4).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Tzom Gedaliah, Asarah Be'Teves, and Shiva Asar Be'Tamuz.

(2) When the Jewish people accepted these four public fasts upon themselves, they did not accept the stringencies of Tish'ah B'Av for the others three fasts (Mishna Berura 550:6).

(3) This term is hard to translate; generally it refers to someone who feels that they are on the level to go beyond the letter of the law.

(4) Since marital relations had been forbidden for a certain period before one's wife immersed in the mikvah, it is a mitzvah to engage in marital relations immediately after the immersion.

Back  Paragraphs 6 & 7  Table of Contents  Paragraph 9 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON DEVARIM AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

It's Not What You Want - But How You Ask
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

Flight to Freedom
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5763

Payment in Full
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5766

Looking for a Chavrusah?

If only . . .
Shlomo Katz - 5771

A Meaningful Approach
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

One Heart
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

No Child's Game
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

Taking Stock
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Speaking Louder
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

> Why Do We Mourn?
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756

Because of Us, not Through Us
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

The Red Heifer Reality
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

ArtScroll

Of Prophets and Teachers
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

Murphy's Day
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

No Empty Matter
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

Harnessing Powers
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information