Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 123:3
Erev Tish'ah B'av

3. There are several laws regarding the "se'udah hamafsekes" (the final meal eaten before the fast of Tish'ah B'av begins). The proper procedure is to eat a full meal before "Mincha" (the afternoon service) and then to recite those prayers. "Tachanun" (1) is not recited [during Mincha], because Tish'ah B'av is called "mo'ed" (2) , as [Lamentations 1:15] states: "He called a mo'ed against me" (3).

Towards evening, one should sit on the floor [to eat the "seuda hamafsekes"], but one does not have to remove one's [leather] shoes at that point. Three people should not sit down to eat this meal together, so as not to obligate themselves in saying "Bircas Hamazon" ("grace after meals") with a "zimun" (4). One should eat only bread and a cold, hard-boiled egg (5); one should dip a piece of bread in ashes, and then eat it. One should be careful to finish this [final] meal before sunset (6).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) "Tachanun" means "supplication" and is a group of prayers through which we beg for G-d's mercy.

(2) All the Jewish holidays are called "mo'ed," which literally means "meeting;" one way of explaining this is that it signifies a point in time when we "meet" G-d's presence in a more intimate way than on a regular day. "Tachanun" is never said on a mo'ed or during the afternoon before a mo'ed.

(3) The conception of Tish'ah B'av as a mo'ed is borne out by the prophet Zechariah, who writes that ultimately, in the Messianic era, all the fasts will "become days of happiness, rejoicing, and feasts for the House of Judah." As a foretaste of that revelation, even though at present Tish'ah B'av is a day of fasting and mourning, we do not recite "Tachanun."

(4) "Zimun" is an additional blessing recited at the beginning of Birchat HaMazon when three or more people eat together.

(5) One may also drink water. No meat or wine is allowed during this final meal, and only one type of cooked food is permitted.

(6) Although one has completed this final meal, one may still eat or drink, as long as one has not mentally decided to accept the fast upon himself.

Back  Paragraphs 1 & 2  Table of Contents  Paragraphs 4 & 5 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Tire of Babel
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

Never Underestimate the Power of Prayer
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

"G-d Watches Over Man"
Shlomo Katz - 5764

ArtScroll

Missed Opportunities
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5772

The Flood
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Stealing: Not For The Taking
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Nourishment for the Soul
Shlomo Katz - 5760

Parshas Noach
Shlomo Katz - 5772

Before It Rains
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

> Procreation: Creating Worlds
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

Improving Our Own World
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760

Generation to Generation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Ideal Way of Life
Shlomo Katz - 5768

The Rainbow Coalition
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

Priorities Define A Person
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

What a Deal!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information