Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 124:15-17
Laws Of Tish'ah B'av

15. Regarding working [on Tish'ah B'av], it is our custom to forbid all "melacha" ("creative physical activity") that takes time, even if it is merely a simple task that does not require professional expertise (1); [this prohibition applies] during the night and during the day until midday ("chatzos") (2). A task that does not take time, for example, lighting candles or tying a knot, is permitted (3). After midday, all "melacha" is permitted (4) .

Similarly, it is customary to forbid business transactions ("masah u'matan") before midday; after midday, it is permissible.

Nevertheless, a G-d fearing person should be stringent and not engage in "melacha" or commercial activity throughout the entire day, so that his attention will not be diverted from mourning.

[Before midday] all activities may, however, be performed by a Gentile (5), and one may also personally perform an activity that is necessary to prevent a financial loss ("davar ha'avud") (6). It is preferable to have cows milked by a Gentile. When that is impossible, one may milk them oneself.

16. It is customary not to sit on a chair at night, nor during the day until after midday. Rather, one should sit on the ground (7). After midday, one may sit on a chair. [This is the only form of deprivation which is ceased in the middle of the day, whereas,] the other prohibitions (such as not washing or wearing leather shoes) continue until the appearance of stars.

17. It is customary not to begin preparing for the [evening] meal until after midday. For an event associated with a mitzvah, one may [begin preparations earlier].

FOOTNOTES:

(1) The reason for the prohibition is so that people's minds will not be diverted from mourning.

(2) Halachic midday, "chatzos," is calculated by totaling the number of minutes from dawn ("alos ha'shachar") until the appearance of 3 stars ("tzeis ha'kochavim"), and then dividing it in half (some say from sunrise to sunset).

(3) There is a dispute among the authorities regarding the act of writing; some rule that it is permitted, while others rule that the same laws apply here as on Chol HaMoed, and it is prohibited under most circumstances (See Beur Halacha 554:22).

(4) Even housework (making beds, sweeping) should be postponed until after midday. Some authorities rule that, wherever possible, it should be avoided the entire day (Aruch HaShulchan 559:9). Even when work is permissible, one should minimize one's involvement as much as possible, so as not to distract one's mind from mourning.

(5) It is permissible as long as the work performed by the Gentile is not publicly visible, for example, construction or painting the outside of a house (Mishna Berura 554:46).

(6) Where possible, it should be performed by a Gentile, or, at least postponed until after midday. Preventing a financial loss includes buying something on sale that will not be available at that price after Tish'ah B'av.

(7) The Mishnah Berurah (559:11) permits sitting on a pillow or on a low stool.

Back  Paragraphs 13 & 14  Table of Contents  Paragraphs 18 & 19 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 
Sell Chometz Online







ARTICLES ON KEDOSHIM AND THE OMER:

View Complete List

Jewish Character
Shlomo Katz - 5761

In the "Judging Business"
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

Holy Mitzvah!
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

ArtScroll

Holiness Happens
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

The Counting of the Omer
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Role of Spouse in Loving One's Neighbor
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

> Cloaked in Dignity
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

Naturally! (Not)
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5766

"Peripheral Events" May be the Focus of Divine Providence
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Understand The Warning
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

From the Inside Out
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5761

Power of Rabbi Akiva
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Becoming Holy
Shlomo Katz - 5772

Do it Because I am Holy
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

The Decline
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

The Senior Partner
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5767



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information