Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 124:3a
Laws Of Tish'ah B'av

3a. We do not wear tefillin in the morning service [of Tish'ah B'av], because tefillin are referred to as "glory" ("Pe'air"). Similarly, we do not wear the "tallis gadol" ("prayer shawl") [usually worn during the morning prayers]. [The latter is implied] by the Targum's rendering of Lamentations 2:17 as "He rent His regal garment." We do wear a "tallis koton" ("Tzitzis"), but do not recite a blessing when donning it (1).

It is proper to arrive at the synagogue slightly earlier than usual. No candles at all should be lit [in front of the chazzan] (2). [As in the evening,] the service should be recited slowly, in a tearful tone.

The Psalm "Mizmor L'Sodah" should be recited. When repeating the Shemoneh Esreh, the chazzan should recite the blessing "Anenu" between the blessings "Go'el Yisrael" and "Rofey Cholei Amo Yisrael", as on other public fast days. The priestly blessing is omitted (3).

After [the repetition of] the Sh'moneh Esreh, the half-Kaddish is recited. Neither "Tachanun" nor the passage "Keil Erech Apayim" is recited, because [Tish'ah B'av] is called a "Mo'ed" (4). A Torah scroll is taken out and three people are called up for the passage beginning "Ki solid bonim" (Deuteronomy 4:25). It is proper that before reciting the blessings, a person who is called up to the Torah should quietly say: "Boruch Dayon Ho'Emes" ("Blessed is the True Judge") (5).

After the Torah reading, we recite half-Kaddish and recite the Haftorah beginning "Osof asifem" (Jeremiah 8:13), using the melody of "Eichah" ("Lamentations"). Afterwards, the Torah scroll is returned and we sit on the ground and recite "kinos" (dirges). One should continue reciting them until close to midday.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) If one removed one's tallis koton at night, some maintain that one should say a blessing when one puts it on in the morning (Mishna Berura 555:2).

(2) At Mincha, however, lights may be lit.

(3) This custom is not mentioned in the Mishna Berura.

(4) All the Jewish holidays are called "mo'ed," which literally means "meeting;" one way of explaining this is that it signifies a point in time when we "meet" G-d's presence in a more intimate way than on a regular day. "Tachanun" is never said on a mo'ed or during the afternoon before a mo'ed. The conception of Tish'ah B'av as a mo'ed is borne out by the prophet Zechariah, who writes that ultimately, in the Messianic era, all the fasts will "become days of happiness, rejoicing, and feasts for the House of Judah." As a foretaste of that revelation, even though at present Tish'ah B'av is a day of fasting and mourning, we do not recite "Tachanun."

(5) This custom is not mentioned in the Mishna Berura.

Back  Paragraph 2  Table of Contents  Paragraph 3b Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON MASEI AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

Father Knows Best
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

Wandering No More
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

An Ounce of Prevention
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5758

> To Tell You The Truth...
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764

Not Our Pets
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

From Rock Bottom to Bottoms Up
Jon Erlbaum - 0

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Red Heifer Reality
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Collateral Damage
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Body Language
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

Looking for a Chavrusah?

YomTov, vol. XIII # 3
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

Only the Shadow Knows
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Cities of Refuge: Sanctuary for Survival
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

ArtScroll

Creatures of Our Environment
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Marriage Vows
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

The Age Of Experience
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5772

Taking Action
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information