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Chapter 43: 1-3
A Blessing Within a Meal

1. A separate blessing is not required for any foods eaten within a meal that are generally served within the course of a meal to satisfy one's hunger - e.g., meat, fish, relishes, cereal, or pancakes.

Even if these foods are not eaten on bread, there is no need to recite a blessing before or after them. Since they are eaten to satisfy one's hunger, they are considered to be part of the meal. The entire meal is considered to be secondary to the bread, for this is the mainstay of man's life. Accordingly, they are all covered by the blessing hamotzi and the grace after meals.

Even if, in the course of the meal, food is sent from other homes, there is no need to recite a blessing over it, because, in general, a person's intention was to include [in the blessing hamotzi] everything served to him.

2. Similarly, there is no need to recite a blessing on all the various types of beverages. The beverages are also included in the meal, because it is not customary to eat without drinking.

The above does not apply to wine. Since wine possesses independent importance (requiring a blessing in certain circumstances - e.g., Kiddish and Havdalah - even when one does not desire to drink it), a blessing should be recited upon it even in the midst of a meal.

A person who recited a blessing on wine before washing for a meal and had the intention to drink wine during the meal as el, need not recite a second blessing on the wine, for it was covered by the blessing he recited before the meal. (Note Chapter 39, Law 2.) The same decision applies [even of he had no specific intention of drinking during the meal,] if he usually follows that practice.

In our countries, it is not common custom to drink other alcoholic beverages during the meal, and it is questionable whether or not they are included as part of the meal [and thus, do not require a special blessing]. Should a person desire to drink alcoholic beverages in the midst of a meal, [he may avoid this difficulty by] drinking a small amount, less than a k'zayis, before the meal. When he recites the blessing for it, he should have the intention of covering also the beverages he will drink during the meal. If he did not do so [and began eating his meal], he should recite a blessing on some sugar and have the intention of covering the beverages also.*

* {The Misgeres Hashulchon 5 questions these decisions, noting that some authorities do not require a separate blessing for alcoholic beverages. (See Shulchon Oruch HoRav 174:3, Mishnoh B'rurah 174:39.) Similarly, the advice of reciting a blessing on sugar raises questions: According to many, sugar itself does not require a special blessing.}

There are those who [do not recite a special blessing before partaking of the alcoholic beverages and attempt to demonstrate how the beverages is part of the meal by] dipping some bread in it an eating it. However, this approach is questioned by some authorities.

3. A person who wants to eat fruit during a meal without putting it on bread must recite a separate blessing before partaking of it. It is not covered by the law applies even when the fruit was on the table at he time hamotzi was recited. However, a separate berochoh acharonoh need not be recited ont eh fruit, for it is covered by the grace after meals.

A person who desires to eat fruit together with bread need not recite a separate blessing for the fruit. In such an instance, it is considered to be secondary to the bread, and therefore is covered by the blessing hamotzi.

However, if on desires to eat some of these fruits alone as well as together with bread, one should first eat some without bread and recite a blessing upon them. Afterwards, one may eat them together with bread, a question about the necessity for a separate blessing would arise if one ate them afterwards without bread.

(Some people are accustomed to eating an appetizer between courses - e.g., pickled olives, pickled lemons, radishes, and the like. Such dishes are considered part of the meal, because they stimulate a person's appetite and make him desire to eat more. Hence, they are covered by the blessing recited on the bread and do not require a separate blessing.)

   A Blessing Within a Meal
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