Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 139:1(a)
Chanukah

1. (a) During the Second Temple era (352 B.C.E until 70 C.E), the Greek empire passed decrees against the Jewish People, [attempted to] obliterate their religion, and prevented them from being involved with Torah learning and the performance of mitzvos ("commandments"). They also plundered their property and [abducted] their daughters. [The Greeks] entered the Temple, wrought havoc there, and defiled that which was pure.

The Jews were in great distress because of the [Greeks] and were subjected to great oppression, until the G-d of their fathers had mercy upon them, delivering them from their hands and saving them. The Hasmoneans, sons of the High priest, overcame [the Greeks], slew them, and delivered the Jews from their hands. They appointed a king from among the priests ("cohanim") and sovereignty (in the Land of Israel) returned to the Jewish nation for more than two hundred years, until the destruction of the Second [Temple].

[The date] when the Jews overcame their enemies and destroyed them was the twenty-fifth of the month of Kislev (139 B.C.E). [On that day,] the [victorious Jews] entered the Sanctuary of the Temple, but could not find any pure olive oil except for one jar, sealed with the High Priest's seal, which contained enough oil to burn for only a single day. [Nevertheless, a miracle occurred] and they were able to kindle the lamps of the Menorah [with that one jar of oil] (1) for eight days, until they were able to crush olives and produce pure oil.

For these reasons, the Sages of that generation ordained that these eight days beginning on the twenty-fifth of Kislev should be celebrated as days of happiness and praise. Lights should be kindled each evening at the entrance to our homes on each of these eight nights to make known and publicize the miracle.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) In Exodus 25:31, G-d explains to Moses how to build the golden oil lamp called a 'Menorah' which would be placed in the Tabernacle ("Mishkan") in the desert and later in the Temple ("Beit Hamikdash") built by King Solomon in Jerusalem; that Golden Menorah had 7 branches and was kindled daily by one of the priests.

 

  Table of Contents Paragraph 1(b) Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2003 Torah.org


 






ARTICLES ON KI SEITZEI AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

“CSI: Who Are You – Jew, Who, Jew, Who?”
Jon Erlbaum - 5771

Trust and Position
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Battling Our Inner Enemy
- 5773

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Gratitude - A Hereditary Trait?
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

Happy To Please
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

Thoughts for Pre-Rosh Hashanah
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5755

ArtScroll

Wake Up!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Judge Me Tender, Judge Me Sweet
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

Better Innocent than Guilty
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Oh, Brother...
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5759

Going In To War
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

The Judgment
Shlomo Katz - 5759

> A Time for Fear, A Time for Joy
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

The Healer Is On-Call
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

Possessions Belong to People
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Out & Up
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information