Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 141:21
Laws of the Megillah

21. [The following laws apply to] a person whose immediate relative (1) dies on the "Fast of Esther" (the day before Purim), and at night (that is, Purim) he is an "onen" [because] it is before the burial (2): He should hear the Megillah read by another person (3), but should not eat meat or drink wine, for there is no obligation for him to have a feast ("mishteh") on the night [of Purim]. The next morning, after people have left the synagogue (that is, after the congregation has heard the Megillah), the deceased is buried (4) and afterwards the [mourner] should say the morning prayers ("yispallel") and read the Megillah or listen to it being read by another person (5). A mourner who hears the reading of the Megillah before the burial of his dead does, however, fulfill his obligation. It is, nevertheless, proper for him to read it again without reciting the blessings (6). He should not, however, wear tefillin even after the burial, since this is the first day of one's mourning (7). During the day of Purim, an "onen" is allowed to eat meat and drink wine (8).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Parents, siblings, children or spouse.

(2) Before the burial a mourner is considered an "onen" and is bound by laws which are slightly different to those of a mourner after the burial.

(3) The reason he shouldn't recite the blessings and read the Megillah himself is because there are authorities who rule that on Purim night all the laws of an "onen" apply, and he is thus exempt from all mitzvos, including hearing the Megillah. There are those who disagree and rule that the mitzvos of Purim take precedence over the mitzvos of mourning, and therefore, the "onen" would be obligated to hear the Megillah (See Shulchan Aruch and Rama 296:7 and Mishna Berura 24-26).

(4) According to many authorities, the congregation's obligation to hear the Megillah takes precedence over the congregation's obligation to help out with burying the dead. Therefore, the custom is that the burial takes place only after the Megillah is read for the congregation in synagogue (Mishna Berura 296:26).

(5) As we saw earlier, before the burial the "onen" is exempt from all mitzvos.

(6) This is because there are authorities who rule that if a mourner hears the Megillah before the burial, he has not fulfilled his obligation because at the time he was listening, he was exempt from all mitzvos (Ibid.).

(7) See Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 211:2

(8) As we saw earlier, the mitzvos of Purim take precedence over the mitzvos of mourning.

 

Back Paragraph 20 Table of Contents Paragraph 22 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 

ARTICLES ON KI SAVO AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

A Time to Remember and Be Inspired
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Returning Home to Our Land
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

Trial Preparation
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

It's a Mitzvah to Be Happy
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

Tatooed With Faith
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5772

The Uniqueness Of Rosh HaShana
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Kohain Connection
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5774

The Judgment
Shlomo Katz - 5759

The Joy of Mitzvah Observance
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5767

ArtScroll

Judge Me Tender, Judge Me Sweet
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

We Will Survive
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

No Atheists in Foxholes
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5761

> An Opportunity Not To Be Missed
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Declarations and Taxes
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

A Matter of Attitudes and Altitudes
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

Repentance and Changing History
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5759



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information