Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 141:21
Laws of the Megillah

21. [The following laws apply to] a person whose immediate relative (1) dies on the "Fast of Esther" (the day before Purim), and at night (that is, Purim) he is an "onen" [because] it is before the burial (2): He should hear the Megillah read by another person (3), but should not eat meat or drink wine, for there is no obligation for him to have a feast ("mishteh") on the night [of Purim]. The next morning, after people have left the synagogue (that is, after the congregation has heard the Megillah), the deceased is buried (4) and afterwards the [mourner] should say the morning prayers ("yispallel") and read the Megillah or listen to it being read by another person (5). A mourner who hears the reading of the Megillah before the burial of his dead does, however, fulfill his obligation. It is, nevertheless, proper for him to read it again without reciting the blessings (6). He should not, however, wear tefillin even after the burial, since this is the first day of one's mourning (7). During the day of Purim, an "onen" is allowed to eat meat and drink wine (8).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Parents, siblings, children or spouse.

(2) Before the burial a mourner is considered an "onen" and is bound by laws which are slightly different to those of a mourner after the burial.

(3) The reason he shouldn't recite the blessings and read the Megillah himself is because there are authorities who rule that on Purim night all the laws of an "onen" apply, and he is thus exempt from all mitzvos, including hearing the Megillah. There are those who disagree and rule that the mitzvos of Purim take precedence over the mitzvos of mourning, and therefore, the "onen" would be obligated to hear the Megillah (See Shulchan Aruch and Rama 296:7 and Mishna Berura 24-26).

(4) According to many authorities, the congregation's obligation to hear the Megillah takes precedence over the congregation's obligation to help out with burying the dead. Therefore, the custom is that the burial takes place only after the Megillah is read for the congregation in synagogue (Mishna Berura 296:26).

(5) As we saw earlier, before the burial the "onen" is exempt from all mitzvos.

(6) This is because there are authorities who rule that if a mourner hears the Megillah before the burial, he has not fulfilled his obligation because at the time he was listening, he was exempt from all mitzvos (Ibid.).

(7) See Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 211:2

(8) As we saw earlier, the mitzvos of Purim take precedence over the mitzvos of mourning.

 

Back Paragraph 20 Table of Contents Paragraph 22 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 






ARTICLES ON YOM KIPPUR:

View Complete List

Deep Heat Therapy
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

Identical Deeds
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

Repentance: A Story
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

ArtScroll

Understanding Our Special Conduct
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

On A Personal Note
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

Uniquely Jewish
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5768

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Ideas for Inspiration
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

After Six Comes Seven
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5762

Saying Is Believing
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

> Your Personal Inner Sanctum
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5764

Completing The Process
Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden - 5764

It's a Fast One
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5757

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Yom Kippur: Of Angels & Men
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

Picture Perfect
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5763

Return... to Where?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

Must it Be the Same Old Me?
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information