Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 141:23
Laws of the Megillah

23. A city which was surrounded by a wall at the time of Joshua ben Nun's ("son of Nun") conquest of the Land of Israel (1), should read the Megillah on the fifteenth of Adar (2) (This is not a very common circumstance in our provinces) (3).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Joshua led the Jews into the Land of Israel in 1272 BCE.

(2) The Megillas Esther (9:19) states: "Therefore, the Jews...living in UNWALLED cities celebrate the 14th day of the month of Adar," however, it doesn't specify when those in walled cities should celebrate Purim. The Talmud (Megillah 2b) concludes that walled cities should celebrate on the 15th of Adar, just like Shushan, a walled city, did at the time of Purim (the battle against the enemies of the Jews in Shushan lasted one day longer than the war in other cities, and thus the victory was celebrated there on the 15th rather than the 14th - see Esther 9:15).

Why should the status of a city be based on whether it had a wall at the time of Joshua's conquest rather than whether it had a wall at the time of the miracle of Purim? There are two main reasons given:

a) Had it been based on whether a wall existed at the time of Purim, the great cities of the land of Israel would have to be classified as unwalled cities, because their walls lay in ruins at the time of Purim, due to the Babylonian conquest. Therefore, by setting the criterion back to the time of Joshua, the cities of the land of Israel received the honor of reading with the walled cities (Jerusalem Talmud).

b) Since it was Joshua who led the first battle against Amalek when the Jews left Egypt (Exodus 17:8-16), the sages felt it appropriate to associate his name with the celebration of the downfall of Amalek at the time of Purim (Haman was an Amalekite).

(3) The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch is referring to the Jewish communities in Europe in the late 19th Century.

 

Back Paragraph 22 Table of Contents  

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

What Was Noach's Greatest Legacy?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Building Towers - For What?
- 5774

How To Need Nothing And Have Everything
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Dissections and Connections
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

The Purpose of Creation Part III
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5763

The Ideal Way of Life
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Roots of Evil
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

From Life
Rabbi Label Lam - 5773

Coming to Terms with the World to Come
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

> Taking a Hint
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5766

The Miracle of Free Will
Rabbi Elly Broch - 5765

Who By Fire, Who By Water
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

ArtScroll

Positive Speech Builds a Brighter World
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5762

Language Barrier
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5760

New Stage, Old Actors
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

The Meaning of Noach
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information