Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 141:23
Laws of the Megillah

23. A city which was surrounded by a wall at the time of Joshua ben Nun's ("son of Nun") conquest of the Land of Israel (1), should read the Megillah on the fifteenth of Adar (2) (This is not a very common circumstance in our provinces) (3).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Joshua led the Jews into the Land of Israel in 1272 BCE.

(2) The Megillas Esther (9:19) states: "Therefore, the Jews...living in UNWALLED cities celebrate the 14th day of the month of Adar," however, it doesn't specify when those in walled cities should celebrate Purim. The Talmud (Megillah 2b) concludes that walled cities should celebrate on the 15th of Adar, just like Shushan, a walled city, did at the time of Purim (the battle against the enemies of the Jews in Shushan lasted one day longer than the war in other cities, and thus the victory was celebrated there on the 15th rather than the 14th - see Esther 9:15).

Why should the status of a city be based on whether it had a wall at the time of Joshua's conquest rather than whether it had a wall at the time of the miracle of Purim? There are two main reasons given:

a) Had it been based on whether a wall existed at the time of Purim, the great cities of the land of Israel would have to be classified as unwalled cities, because their walls lay in ruins at the time of Purim, due to the Babylonian conquest. Therefore, by setting the criterion back to the time of Joshua, the cities of the land of Israel received the honor of reading with the walled cities (Jerusalem Talmud).

b) Since it was Joshua who led the first battle against Amalek when the Jews left Egypt (Exodus 17:8-16), the sages felt it appropriate to associate his name with the celebration of the downfall of Amalek at the time of Purim (Haman was an Amalekite).

(3) The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch is referring to the Jewish communities in Europe in the late 19th Century.

 

Back Paragraph 22 Table of Contents  

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 






ARTICLES ON NETZAVIM AND VAYEILECH:

View Complete List

Blessing As A Precursor of Teshuva
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5769

Reaching Within
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5763

The Secret of Teshuvah
Shlomo Katz - 5772

Looking for a Chavrusah?

We're All in this Together
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

Follow Your Conscience, Not Your Heart
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5756

It's Already in Your Mouth
Rabbi Label Lam - 5760

> Spiritual Impressions
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Going in the Direction of Teshuva
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Hester Panim
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Fear-Yes; Hopelessness-No!
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758

Our Leaders Define Us
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

The Mystical Tug of the Shofar
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

ArtScroll

Haven't I Seen You Somewhere Before?
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Rosh Hashana and the Kiss of Life
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

Making a Different Experience
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5774

The Greatest Wonder of All
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5772



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information