Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 142:3
Purim Gifts and Festive Meal

3. Every person (1), even a poor person who himself receives charity, is obligated to give at least two gifts (2) to two poor people, that is, one gift for each of them, on Purim (3). This is derived from [Esther 9:22] which says, "U'Matanos ("gifts") Le'evyonim" ("to poor people") [whereby the use of the plural ("gifts" and "poor people")] implies [a minimum] of two gifts to two poor people. One should not be selective when distributing money on Purim. On the contrary, a gift should be given to anyone who extends his hand (4). If a person lives in a place where there are no poor people, he should set aside the money until the poor approach him. Alternatively, he should send it to them.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Both men and women are obligated.

(2) The gifts can be either money or food (Mishna Berura 694;2).

(3) One cannot fulfill one's obligation by giving gifts to the poor before Purim. This is because the act of giving is supposed to enhance one's joy ("simcha") on Purim itself.

Here is a quote from 142:1 which is relevant to this mitzvah: "it is preferable to give more gifts to the poor than to spend more on the festive meal of Purim and on sending gifts of food to friends ("Mishloach Manos"), for there is no greater and more glorious joy before the Holy One, blessed be He, than to gladden the hearts of the poor, the orphans, and the widows, because, a person who gladdens the hearts of these unfortunate individuals resembles the Divine Presence ("Sh'chinah") [which Isaiah 57:16 describes as] 'enlivening those with lowly spirits and invigorating those with broken hearts.' " However, one may appoint a representative before Purim to give out the gifts on one's behalf on Purim (Aruch HaShulchan 694:2).

(4) That is, on Purim, one shouldn't withhold money from a poor person who asks for it just because one believes him to be a trickster ("ramai") and undeserving (Ibid. 694:1).

 

Back Paragraph 2 Table of Contents Paragraph 4 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 

ARTICLES ON PINCHAS AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

Being a Hero
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Faithful Contentment
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774

One Heart
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

Looking for a Chavrusah?

No Little Things
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Making A Difference
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Points to Ponder
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Our Father, Our Light
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Truly Humane
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

Appreciation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5772

> In a Month We Call -“Av”
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Breaches in the Wall
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

About This We Cry!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

ArtScroll

Personal Judge
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5762

Not So Simple, Not So Mundane
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

A Bunch of Mad Men
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5767

The Most Precious Commodity
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5772



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information