Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 142:3
Purim Gifts and Festive Meal

3. Every person (1), even a poor person who himself receives charity, is obligated to give at least two gifts (2) to two poor people, that is, one gift for each of them, on Purim (3). This is derived from [Esther 9:22] which says, "U'Matanos ("gifts") Le'evyonim" ("to poor people") [whereby the use of the plural ("gifts" and "poor people")] implies [a minimum] of two gifts to two poor people. One should not be selective when distributing money on Purim. On the contrary, a gift should be given to anyone who extends his hand (4). If a person lives in a place where there are no poor people, he should set aside the money until the poor approach him. Alternatively, he should send it to them.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Both men and women are obligated.

(2) The gifts can be either money or food (Mishna Berura 694;2).

(3) One cannot fulfill one's obligation by giving gifts to the poor before Purim. This is because the act of giving is supposed to enhance one's joy ("simcha") on Purim itself.

Here is a quote from 142:1 which is relevant to this mitzvah: "it is preferable to give more gifts to the poor than to spend more on the festive meal of Purim and on sending gifts of food to friends ("Mishloach Manos"), for there is no greater and more glorious joy before the Holy One, blessed be He, than to gladden the hearts of the poor, the orphans, and the widows, because, a person who gladdens the hearts of these unfortunate individuals resembles the Divine Presence ("Sh'chinah") [which Isaiah 57:16 describes as] 'enlivening those with lowly spirits and invigorating those with broken hearts.' " However, one may appoint a representative before Purim to give out the gifts on one's behalf on Purim (Aruch HaShulchan 694:2).

(4) That is, on Purim, one shouldn't withhold money from a poor person who asks for it just because one believes him to be a trickster ("ramai") and undeserving (Ibid. 694:1).

 

Back Paragraph 2 Table of Contents Paragraph 4 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 

ARTICLES ON KI SAVO AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

And Neither Would We!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762

Open Your Eyes
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

The Secret To Spiritual Success
Rabbi Yosef Kalatzky - 5764

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Blinding Light
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Month of Elul: The Power of Repentance
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Fruit of Gratitude
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Are We listening?
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5762

Starting From Scratch
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

A Message for the Generations
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

ArtScroll

Rabbi Frand on Rosh HaShana
- 5769

The Joy of Mitzvah Observance
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5767

No Atheists in Foxholes
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5761

> The Root Of Unhappiness
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

Uniforms vs. Uniformity
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

Sensitivity to the Needs of the Poor
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

You Gotta Believe (in Yourself)!
Shlomo Katz - 5774



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information