Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 15: 1-3
Laws Pertaining to Kaddish

1. After the blessing Yishtabach, the chazon should recite the half-Kaddish. We may not recite Kaddish, Borchu, and Kedushoh, nor may we read the Torah unless ten adult males* are present. If ten men are not present when the congregation recites Yishtabach, but rather the quorum is completed afterwards, the chazon should not recite Kaddish, because Kaddish is recited only after prayers that were recited in the presence of ten men.

* {The Shulchon Oruch (Orach Chayim 55:4) mentions the custom of counting as child as the tenth. The Ramah notes that some authorities allow a child to be counted only if he hold a Chumash in his hands. However, many of the later authorities rule against counting a child at all.}

Therefore, the congregation* should wait before reciting Yishtabach until ten come. They can wait approximately half an hour, but they should not wait any longer. Rather, they should recite Yishtabach, and then wait. When the ten come together, they should first recite some verses from Psalms. Afterwards, the chazon recites the half-Kaddish.

* {The Mishnoh B'rurah 53:9 advises the congregation to recite Yishtabach and the chazon alone to wait until the minyan arrives before continuing his prayers.}

2. The term "adult" refers to a child who has completed thirteen years of life and begun the fourteenth. (We rely on the assumption that he has already manifested signs of physical maturity.) For example, a child who was born on Rosh Chodesh Nisan is not considered an adult until Rosh Chodesh Nisan - i.e., on the night of Rosh Chodesh Nisan after thirteen years of life he is considered an adult.

A person who was born in the month of Adar in a normal year, and the thirteenth year of his life is a leap year, does not became an "adult" until his birthday in the second Adar. In contrast, a person who was born in a leap year in the first month of Adar becomes an adult in the first month of Adar (should he complete the thirteenth year of his life in a leap year). However, if he was born in a leap year and the thirteenth year of his life be a normal year, regardless of whether he was born in the first Adar or the second, he celebrates his birthday in the month of Adar.

Thus, it may sometimes occur that a youth who was born before his colleague may become an adult after him. For example, two babies were both born in a leap year: one on the twentieth of the first Adar, the other on the tenth of the second Adar. If the year of their Bar Mitzvoh is a normal year, [the latter becomes an adult before the former].

3. Care must be taken not to take a head count of people to see if there is a minyan. It is forbidden to take a head count of Jews even for the sake of a mitzvoh, [as implied by I Samuel 15:4]: "and Saul gathered the people together and counted them using goats."

It is customary to count them using the verse [Psalms 28:9]: Hoshi'oh es amecho..., since it contains ten words.

    Paragraphs 4-6 Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON YOM KIPPUR:

View Complete List

Complete Teshuvah
Shlomo Katz - 5772

Yom Kippur - Getting In Touch With Ourselves
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

Viduy: I Confess!
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

ArtScroll

Body and Soul
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Our Ticket to the Hall of Fame
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Identical Deeds
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

A Happy Day
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Saying Is Believing
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

I Was Wrong
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

> Interpersonal Relationships
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Uniquely Jewish
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5768

Time to Return
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Lesson for Life
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Deep Heat Therapy
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

Teshuvah: Changes
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5769

Yom Kippur and the Pathways to Joy
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information