Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 15: 4-6
Laws Pertaining to Kaddish

4. All ten people, among them the chazon,must be in the same place. However, if some are in one room and others in a second room,* they may not be counted together even though there is an open entrance between them. Even if the majority of the minyan are in the synagogue and the minority are in the courtyard before the synagogue, they are not included together with the majority to be counted with them.

* {However, if one room is divided with a curtain, the people standing on either side may be counted as part of the minyan. Similarly, leniency can be observed to include people in two separate rooms if they can see each other (Mishnoh Beruroh 55:48,49,57, Shulchon Oruch HoRav 55:16).}

Even those standing at the entrance - i.e. within the doorway, but outside the door in a place where if the door were closed, they would be outside - are, nevertheless, considered as being outside even when the door is opened.

The above applies with regard to including them as part of the ten required for a minyan. However, if there were ten within the synagogue and Kaddish, Borchu, or Kedushoh is recited, anyone who hears their voices should answer, even if they are separated by several houses, for even a barrier of iron cannot separate between Israel and their Father in heaven. The above applies provided that there is neither feces or an idol where one is standing.

5. One should take great care to hear Kaddish and reply to it with proper concentration. This surely applies to Amen; Y'hei Shmei rabboh..., where proper concentration is required. Whenever someone answers Amen; Y'hei Shmei rabboh... with all of his strength and concentration, seventy years' worth of severe heavenly decrees are nullified.

The above response should be recited in a loud voice, for this voice will break down all accusing forces and negate all harsh decrees. Nevertheless, it should not be recited in a very loud voice, lest it cause other people to laugh and thus cause them to sin.

Amen; Y'hei Shmei rabboh... should be recited together with the word, yisborach. Afterwards, the chazon repeats this refrain, and it is customary to answer "Amen."*

* {The Ramoh (Orach Chayim 56:2) states that it is customary not to recite "Amen" in this instance.}

6. Certain opinions maintain that it is not necessary to stand while Kaddish is being recited. However, during every Kaddish which [follows a prayer that is recited while] standing - e.g., the Kaddish after Hallel - one should remain standing until after Amen; Y'hei Shmei rabboh.... Other opinions maintain that it is always necessary to stand for Kaddish and all other holy matters.

It is possible to support the latter opinion by comparison to Eglon, King of Moab. [Judges 3:20] relates how "Ehud came to him... and Ehud told him... I have a word of G-d for you, and [Eglon] arose from his throne." If an idolater, Eglon, the King of Moab, rose for the word of G-d, surely, we, His people, should do the same. Therefore, it is proper to follow the more stringent view.*

* {The Mishnoh Beruroh 56:8 relates that the Ari zal would stand for all the Kaddishim.}

Back  Paragraphs 1-3  Paragraphs 7-9 Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 


ARTICLES ON MIKETZ AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Profit from Loss, Light from Darkness
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

Holy Eyes
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

A New Perspective
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Living In Exile
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

Tightening the Hellenistic Screws: A History of Chanukah, Part I
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774

Behind the Gray Blur
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

> The Meaning of Miracles
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Chanukah and Mechiras Yosef: The Hidden Connection
Shlomo Katz - 5764

Miracles of Modesty
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Celebration of Spiritual Victory
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5764

Lighting Up the Streets
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Our Noble Mission
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

ArtScroll

Storehouse of the King
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

Reading Between The Lines
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Chanukah, Chutzpah, and Coming Close to G-d
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Yosef's Approach to God-Based Events
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5771



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information