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Chapter 48: 4-6
The Five Species of Grain

4. If a person originally intended to eat a small amount of [pas habo'oh b'kisnin] and therefore recited the blessing borey minei mezonos, and then changed his mind and decided to eat "the measure of a normal meal," [the following rules apply]:

If the additional amount he wants to eat at present is not "the measure of a normal meal" and that quantity is only reached by including what he ate previously, he should continue eating and, afterwards, recite the grace after meals.

However, if the amount which he desires to eat at present is itself "the measure of a normal meal," he must wash his hands and recite hamotzi on the food he desires to eat. Nevertheless, he need not recite al hamichyoh on what he ate previously. Rather, it is included together with what he will eat and is covered by the grace after meals.

5. Dough which was kneaded with water, but has a soft texture, is considered to be bread if it was baked in an oven. Furthermore, it is still placed in that category if it was baked in a roasting pan without being cooked in liquid. The latter applies even if some oil was placed on the bottom of the pan so the dough will not burn. This oil is not considered significant enough for the dough to be considered as "cooked in liquid."

Thus, even if one eats only a k'zayis of the above dough, one must wash one's hands before partaking of it, recite the blessing hamotzi, and afterwards recite grace.

In contrast, if such a dough was fried in [oil or cooked in other liquids, it is not considered bread [and none of the above are required], even if one ate to the point of satisfaction, he is only required to recite borey minei mezonos [before eating] and al hamichyoh afterwards.

Sometimes, a very soft dough is made - i.e., flour and water are placed in a pot and stirred together with a spoon - and poured over vegetable leaves and baked in the oven together with the leaves. These are considered to be pas habo'oh b'kisnin.

6. Dough which was cooked and afterwards baked - e.g., bagels (pretzels) and the like - is considered to be bread, provided it is thoroughly cooked.

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