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Chapter 51: 1-3
Blessings After Eating

1. The blessing borey nefoshos... is recited after partaking of: fruit from trees, with the exception of the seven fruits [with which Eretz Yisroel is blessed], fruit that grows on the ground, vegetables, and all foods that are not products of the land.

Both eating and drinking can be covered by a single blessing.

2. Neither, a b'rochoh achronoh nor the grace after meals should be recited unless one ate the minimum measure of food that is considered significant - i.e., a k'zayis.*

* {As mentioned, there is a debate among the authorities regarding the equivalent of a k'zayis in modern measure. According to Shiurei Torah, this measure is approximately 31 grams and the Chazon Ish, at approximately 36 grams.}

With regard to beverages, some maintain that a b'rochoh achronoh is required only if one drank a revi'is,* while others maintain that even with regard to liquids, a person who drinks a measure equal to a k'zayis is obligated to recite a b'rochoh achronoh. Therefore, because of the doubt involved, one should take care to drink less than a k'zayis or more than a revi'is. There is no difference in this regard between alcoholic beverages and other liquids.

3. There are certain authorities who maintain that everything which is by nature a single entity - e.g., a single nut, or other fruit, even a single bean - since it is a complete fruit, is significant enough to require a b'rochoh achronoh even though is smaller than a k'zayis.

Others do not accept this principle. Therefore, to prevent a doubt from arising, it is proper not to eat less than a k'zayis of such produce. If the produce was divided before it was eaten, its unique importance is nullified, and all authorities agree that a b'rochoh achronoh is not recited for less than a k'zayis.

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