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Chapter 51: 4-6
Blessings After Eating

4. All foods can be combined to make up the measure of a k'zayis. A person who ate half a k'zayis of a food over which borey nefoshos is recited and half a k'zayis of a food for which the "single threefold blessing" (al hamichyoh, or al ho'eitz) is recited - or half a k'zayis of bread - should recite borey nefoshos as a b'rochoh achronoh.

It appears to me that the same law applies if a person ate half a k'zayis of fruit that requires the blessing al ho'eitz and either half a k'zayis of a type of food that requires the blessing al hamichyoh or half a k'zayis of bread (although, at present, there is no food which in its own right requires the blessing borey nefoshos, nevertheless,) he should recite the blessing borey nefoshos.

If a person ate half a k'zayis of a food which requires the blessing al hamichyoh and half a k'zayis of bread, he should recite the blessing al hamichyoh. Eating and drinking cannot be combined together [for such purposes].

5. [The following rules apply when] a person eats half a k'zayis of food, waits, and then eats another half of a k'zayis. If the duration of time from when he began to eat until he concluded eating was not more than it takes to eat a standard measure of food,* the two are combined and he is required to recite a b'rochoh achronoh. However, if he waited longer, the two are not combined [and he may not recite a b'rochoh achronoh]. With regard to drinking, even if he hesitated for less time, the two are not combined.**

* {Most Sages consider the standard measure of food as the equivalent of four medium size eggs. However, some consider it as the equivalent of three large eggs. The standard measure of food means the time it takes to consume that amount. Thus, there is also a divergence of opinion about this measure. Shiurei Torah considers this to be between 4 and 9 minutes, depending on the nature of the Halachic issue involved (in the present context, 4 minutes). The Chazon Ish requires one to consider 2 minutes, also.}

** {Rav Shneur Zalman of Liadi in his Piskei Siddur and the Mishnoh B'ruroh 210:1 maintain that the standard measure of food applies with regard to drinking as well.}

6. Generally, a person who drinks a hot beverage (e.g., tea or coffee) slowly, does not drink the minimum measure of liquid at one time. Hence, his drinking is not considered a single act, and he need not recite a b'rochoh achronoh.* This applies even though this is the normal manner in which one partakes of such beverages.

* {According to the opinions mentioned in the previous note, one should recite a b'rochoh achronoh after drinking these beverages with the above mentioned time limit.}

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