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Chapter 53: 4-6
Laws of Fruit and Vegetable Juices

4. When vegetables or fruit is pickled in brine, even if it is customary to do so - e.g., cucumbers, beets, lucks, and cabbage - the blessing shehakol is recited for the brine in which they were pickled. Even though the liquid contains the flavor of the vegetables or fruit, nevertheless - since the produce was pickled for its own sake, and not in order to flavor the brine - the blessing shehakol is appropriate for it.

Nevertheless, if one first ate the pickled fruit, reciting the blessing borey pri hadomoh, and then decided to drink the brine, there is a doubt whether or not one should recite a blessing over the liquid, for perhaps it was included in the blessing borey pri hadomoh. Hence, a separate blessing should not be recited.

5. Similarly, if fruit, vegetables, or legumes are cooked in a liquid which has a flavor of its own - e.g., vinegar, borscht,* or milk - the blessing shehakol is recited over the resulting liquid. However, if one partakes of the food first [and recites a blessing], there is a question whether or not the liquid is covered by this blessing.

* {This refers to borscht that requires the blessing shehakol. Borscht can also be prepared in a manner that requires the blessing borey pri hadomoh.}

6. [The following rules apply to wine produced from] raisins. If the raisins: a) posses sufficient moisture that were they to be pressed, a concentrated liquid would be expressed, b) are crushed and soaked in water for the purpose of producing a liquid and not for the sake of the raisins themselves, c) are soaked in water for three days and ferment, and d) after three days, the resulting liquid is poured into a different container,* the resulting liquid is considered to be wine, the blessing borey pri hagofen is recited before partaking of it, and the "threefold blessing" is recited afterwards. Whenever wine is required [for a blessing], this may be used.

* {The Shulchon Oruch HoRav 272:7, Misgeres Hashulchon 8, and other authorities do not require the wine to be poured into a different container.}

However, the volume of the raisins must be more than one sixth of that of the water. The volume of the raisins should be measured while they contain moisture, before they are dried out.

Such a mixture is considered wine only when the raisins are allowed to soak in water as described. However, if the raisins are cooked in water, the resulting liquid is not considered wine. If one soaked or cooked the raisins with the intention of also eating the raisins, there are a number of doubts regarding the blessing to be recited over the resulting liquid.

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