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Chapter 56: 4-7
Laws Pertaining to Blessing Errors

4. Should a person erroneously recite the blessing shehakol for food - any food, even bread or wine - he has fulfilled his obligation. (See Chapter 50, Law 2.)

5. At the outset, a person should be careful to have the proper intention when reciting a blessing (as stated in Chapter 50, Law 3). Nevertheless, if a person erroneously had the wrong intention when he began the blessing, but concluded it with the proper intention, his initial misconception does not necessitate a repetition of the blessing, for example, a person took a cup, thinking that it was wine, and began reciting the blessing with the intent that it was wine. However, before saying borey pri hagofen, he realized that it was beer or water, and concluded the blessing shehakol nih'yoh bid'voro. He need not recite another blessing.

Surely, the converse applies. If a person thought erroneously that a cup contained water or beer and began reciting the blessing with that intention, and then realized that it contained wine, he has fulfilled his obligation, since even if he had concluded according to his original intention, he would have fulfilled his obligation.

6. A person who concludes the entire blessing in error and realizes and corrects his mistake immediately after concluding it, [i.e., in the time it takes to say, Sholom alecho, Rebbe,] has fulfilled his obligation. For example, a person took a cup containing water or beer under the impression that it contained wine, and recited the blessing borey pri hagofen. Immediately, he realized that it was water or beer and corrected himself, saying shehakol nih'yoh bid'voro, i.e., he said borey pri hagofen, shehakol nih'yoh bid'voro. [He need not recite a second blessing.]

7. If a person did not realize his error immediately, he must recite the blessing shehakol again, if he desires to drink this cup. Should he desire to drink other wine, he should take the wine and drink it immediately without reciting a second blessing, as long as he has not made any interruption by speaking. (See Chapter 50,Law 5 and 6.)

Even if he drank from the cup from the cup [over which he made the first blessing] and only through drinking realized that it was water or beer, that drinking is not considered an interruption after the fact.

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