Chapter 57: 4-7
Foods Brought after Original Serving
4. [When a person was served fruit] and then, he was brought a second type
of fruit which was more important and which he preferred more than the
first type, or the fruit served afterwards was of the seven species with
which Eretz Yisroel is blessed, a blessing must be recited for the fruit
served afterwards. This applies even if some of the fruit originally served
still remains. A [blessing over a] less important fruit cannot cover an
important fruit incidentally. This is possible only when one has the
specific intention of including it when reciting the blessing (as stated
above, Chapter 50, Law 11).
5. When a person recited a blessing for beer, with the intention of
including everything which he will later be served that requires the
blessing shehakol, he does not have to recite a second blessing if he is
later served fish. However, if he did not have a specific intention to that
effect, he must recite a second blessing for the fish, even though the beer
is before him when the fish is served.
The principles that apply to fruit are not relevant in this instance, since
although one type of fruit may be apples and the other nuts, they are still
in the same general category. In contrast, beer and fish are two separate
categories - one is food and the other drink - and [a blessing recited] on
one cannot cover the other, unless they were both present when the blessing
is recited, or one has the specific intention of including them in the same
6. The above applies only when a person eats his own food. However, if he
is eating as a guest of a colleague, once he recites a blessing for one
type of food, he covers all that he will later be served, even though none
of the food for which he originally recited the blessing remains.
Everything depends on the host's intention. However, a person who truly
changes his mind is required to recite a second blessing.
Even if the host did not intend to serve more food and only did so at the
request of the guests, the guests are not required to recite a second
blessing. The guests rely on the fact that, most likely, the host will give
them all the food they require.
7. If a person who comes to a meal is given a cup [containing drink] and
recites a blessing for it, and afterwards is given other cups, he need not
recite a second blessing, should this be the prevailing custom. In that
event, he most likely had the intention of drinking all [that he would be