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Chapter 63:4-5
The Laws of Wronging a Colleague

4. It is forbidden to deceive other people. (This includes creating a false impression even though one does not cause the other person any financial loss.)

This prohibition applies to deceiving a non-Jew as well. Thus, it is forbidden to sell to a non-Jew meat from an animal which died naturally, if the non-Jew presumes that it was ritually slaughtered. Similarly, if the person sells a colleague a defective article, he must inform him about the defect. This applies even if the article is priced appropriately to its defective state. (See Chapter 182, Law 4.)

(There is no prohibition regarding deception when one gives a present [even though it appears more valuable than it actually is].)

5. A person should not invite a colleague to dinner when he knows that the colleague will not eat. Similarly, he should not offer him a present which he knows he will not accept. It is also forbidden to perform any action in which one's statements do not express his true feelings - e.g., to make it appear that he honors a colleague when he does not feel that way. Rather one's statements should always reflect one's true feelings. One should speak truth and act with upright feelings and a pure heart.

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Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2000 ProjectGenesis, Inc.

 

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