Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 81:1-2
Four Domains on Shabbos

1. There are four different domains with regard to [the prohibition against carrying between domains on] Shabbos (1): "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain"), "Reshus HaRabim" ("public domain"), "Carmelis", and a "Makom Patur" ("exempt area"). These concepts will be briefly explained [in the following Halachos].

2. What is meant by a "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain")? Any area of at least four 'tefachim' (2) by four 'tefachim' (this is considered an area significant enough to be of use), which is surrounded by "Mechitzos" ("partitions") that are at least ten 'tefachim' high (even if the partitions are not complete).

[Therefore, the following areas are also defined as "Reshus HaYochid"]:

a) A trench ten 'tefachim' deep and four 'tefachim' wide (the sides of the trench are considered halachic partitions).

b) A pit ten 'tefachim' deep, and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim' wide.

c) A mound ten 'tefachim' high, and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim' wide.

d) A movable object, for example, a cabinet, that is ten 'tefachim' high [and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim,'], or a round barrel [ten 'tefachim' high], the circumference of which is large enough to enclose an area four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim.'

Even if these [areas or objects] listed above are located in the "Reshus HaRabim" ('public domain') or in a 'Carmelis', they are considered separate entities and judged as a "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain").

The space above a "Reshus HaYochid," up to the sky, as well as the tops of the partitions surrounding it, are governed by the same laws as the "Reshus HaYochid" itself. Holes in the walls that open inwards towards the "Reshus HaYochid," even if they continue through to the outside (with an opening to the public domain), since one could potentially make use of the holes from within the "Reshus HaYochid," they are considered part of the "Reshus HaYochid" and share the same laws. (The laws regarding holes in the wall that open towards the public domain alone are mentioned in the following law.)

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Carrying an object into or out of certain halachically defined domains is one of the 39 Avos Melachos ("prototype prohibited activity"), and therefore Biblically prohibited on Shabbos. This concept will be defined as the chapter progresses.

(2) A 'tefach' ('handbreadth') is approximately 3 inches.

      Four Domains on Shabbos
Paragraph 3
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON NASO:

View Complete List

Honor + Respect = Shalom Bayis
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Relationship of Domestic Harmony to National Peace
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5775

Itís All in the Delivery
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

ArtScroll

Out Of Control
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

The Torah's Safeguards
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771

Complexity
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Faith in Motion
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

Pennies From Heaven
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758

Not the Same Thing
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5763

> True Wealth
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

The Missing 18 Months
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5762

Building On The Positive
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Faith In Motion
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

How Much Do You Love the Torah?
Shlomo Katz - 5762

Channels of a Different Type
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758

Levi-like Actions
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5772



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information