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Chapter 21: 4-5
Laws of Missed Prayers

4. Even on a day which the musaf service is recited, if one failed to recite the morning service, one may compensate for it in the afternoon service. (Since the time for the musaf service extends until night, if necessary, it is not regarded as though the time for two services has passed.)

However, if the time for the morning service has passed and one has recited the musaf service, he is not able to compensate for the morning service [by reciting the musaf again]. (Since it mentions the musaf sacrifices [offered after the daily morning service], it is not an appropriate substitute for the morning service.) Nevertheless, if the time for the morning service has not passed, even though one has recited the musaf service he may recite the morning service.

5. One can compensate only for a Shemoneh Esreh which was not recited during the time of the following prayer service, but not during a time which is not a time of prayer. For example, a person who waited a long time after reciting the service which he was obligated at that time, can no longer compensate for a service which he failed to recite. [For example, a person failed to recite the morning service, and later recited the afternoon service in its proper time. After he waited an hour, he desired to compensate for the morning service which he omitted. This is not allowed even though the sun has not set and, thus the time for the afternoon service has not passed.]

[The rationale for this decision is that the Sages] decreed that compensation for a prayer one failed to recite is allowed only during the time one is reciting a prayer service which is then obligatory. While one is involved in other prayers, one may compensate for prayers one failed to recite.*

* {The Mishnoh Beruroh 108:15 allows one to compensate for the omitted prayer in such circumstances.}

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Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.



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