Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 82:4
Carrying from One Domain to Another

4. [The following laws apply to] a private courtyard with a breach [in one of its walls] (1): (a) If a section of the wall which is at least four "tefachim" (2) wide and ten "tefachim" high, remains on only one side [of the breach]; OR (b) At least one "tefach" of wall, which is ten "tefachim" high, remains on both sides of the breach;

and, in both (a) and (b) above, the breach is not wider than ten "amos" (3), it is not necessary to repair it [in terms of the laws of carrying in the courtyard on Shabbos]; this is because an opening of this nature is viewed, in Halacha, as an entrance ("pesach") rather than a breach.

If, however, the opening is wider than ten "amos" (4), or if neither four "tefachim" of the wall remain on one side of the breach, nor is there one "tefach" on both sides, and certainly if none of the wall remains at all, then, even if the opening is only three "tefachim" wide (5), it is forbidden to carry within the courtyard until the breach is repaired, preferably by erecting a "tzuras hapesach" ("form of a doorway") (6).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) A private courtyard surrounded by walls at least ten "tefachim" high is defined as a "reshus hayochid" ("private domain"), within which a person may carry objects on Shabbos. If there is a breach in one of the walls of the courtyard, and the breach has the dimensions defined in today's halacha, then the courtyard is redefined as a "carmelis," within which one may not carry objects on Shabbos (See Mishna Berura 361:6).

(2) Opinions among the authorities as to the exact length of a 'tefach' ('handbreadth') range between 8 and 10cm ( 3 to 4 inches)

(3) Opinions among the authorities as to the exact length of an "Amoh" ("cubit") range between 48 and 60cm (20 to 24 inches).

(4) If the breach is in a corner where a part of both walls is broken, even a breach that is less than ten "amos" must be repaired (See Shulchan Aruch 361:2).

(5) A breach which is less than three tefachim wide is, halachically, not viewed as a breach at all; in other words, it is viewed as if there was no opening there at all. This is based on the halachic principle called "Lovud."

(6) A "tzuras hapesach" will be defined in HY 82:6 coming in the next few days.

Back Paragraph 3 Paragraph 5 Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 


ARTICLES ON VAYIGASH AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Bonding Time
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

Whole Justice
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Tears of Joy (And Joseph Wept)
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Ruble Trouble
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Parents Love Children More Than Children Love Parents
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Age Old Questions
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

ArtScroll

This Nation to That Notion
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

The Challenge
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Darkness and Light
Shlomo Katz - 5773

> The Master Plan
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5763

Sparing Embarrassment Of His Brothers Was Worth The Risk
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5773

From the Mouth of a "Turned Off" Student
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Thanks for What?
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Royal Conflict
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

Vayigash
Shlomo Katz - 5767

Yosef Recognizes His Brothers
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information