Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 82:4
Carrying from One Domain to Another

4. [The following laws apply to] a private courtyard with a breach [in one of its walls] (1): (a) If a section of the wall which is at least four "tefachim" (2) wide and ten "tefachim" high, remains on only one side [of the breach]; OR (b) At least one "tefach" of wall, which is ten "tefachim" high, remains on both sides of the breach;

and, in both (a) and (b) above, the breach is not wider than ten "amos" (3), it is not necessary to repair it [in terms of the laws of carrying in the courtyard on Shabbos]; this is because an opening of this nature is viewed, in Halacha, as an entrance ("pesach") rather than a breach.

If, however, the opening is wider than ten "amos" (4), or if neither four "tefachim" of the wall remain on one side of the breach, nor is there one "tefach" on both sides, and certainly if none of the wall remains at all, then, even if the opening is only three "tefachim" wide (5), it is forbidden to carry within the courtyard until the breach is repaired, preferably by erecting a "tzuras hapesach" ("form of a doorway") (6).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) A private courtyard surrounded by walls at least ten "tefachim" high is defined as a "reshus hayochid" ("private domain"), within which a person may carry objects on Shabbos. If there is a breach in one of the walls of the courtyard, and the breach has the dimensions defined in today's halacha, then the courtyard is redefined as a "carmelis," within which one may not carry objects on Shabbos (See Mishna Berura 361:6).

(2) Opinions among the authorities as to the exact length of a 'tefach' ('handbreadth') range between 8 and 10cm ( 3 to 4 inches)

(3) Opinions among the authorities as to the exact length of an "Amoh" ("cubit") range between 48 and 60cm (20 to 24 inches).

(4) If the breach is in a corner where a part of both walls is broken, even a breach that is less than ten "amos" must be repaired (See Shulchan Aruch 361:2).

(5) A breach which is less than three tefachim wide is, halachically, not viewed as a breach at all; in other words, it is viewed as if there was no opening there at all. This is based on the halachic principle called "Lovud."

(6) A "tzuras hapesach" will be defined in HY 82:6 coming in the next few days.

Back Paragraph 3 Paragraph 5 Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON BESHALACH AND TU BESHVAT:

View Complete List

Empathy for Others -- A Great Quality in Both the Wicked and the Righteous
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Everyday Miracles
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758

A Seamless Integration On A Higher Plane
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

ArtScroll

Can A Person Sleep For Seventy Years?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Lessons in Appreciation
Rabbi Yosef Kalatzky - 5763

Reaching Out
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Walls of Water
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5765

We Pay for Everything
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Leaving to Prey
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Building a Spiritual Pipeline
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

As the Season Turns
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

Illogical Treatment May Yield Bonanza For The Nation That is
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770

> Mazal Tov!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761

Well-Bread Jews
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Tribes & Elders Given The Royal Treatment At Elim
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Complaining About The Quality Of The Miracle
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information