Carrying from One Domain to Another
9.It is permissible to place food in front of a Gentile in a house or in
a courtyard [on Shabbos], even if one knows the Gentile will take it
outside (into the public domain), provided that one does not place it
directly into his hand; doing so would be considered performing the
"akirah" (1). The above applies (2) only when the Gentile has permission
to eat the food [in the Jew's property]. However, if he has not been
granted such permission, or if he was given a large amount of food that he
could not possibly finish eating there, or if he was given other objects
that obviously will be taken outside, it is forbidden, because it appears
that he was given the objects with the intention that he take them outside (3).
(1) As we saw in HY 82:3, lifting an article from its resting position is
called "akirah"; placing it down is called "hanacha." Not only is it
forbidden for a person to perform the "akirah" in one domain and then the
"hanacha" in a different domain, but it is also forbidden to perform the
"akirah" in one domain, without being the one to perform the "hanachah" in
a different domain, or to perform the "hanacha" and not the "akirah."
There is an opinion among the authorities which states that only when the
Gentile is standing outside the courtyard and stretching his hand inside to
receive the object, would it be considered an "akirah" on the part of the
Jew to pick up the object and place it into the Gentile's hand. However, if
the Gentile is standing fully inside the courtyard (or house), picking
something up and placing it into his hands, would not be considered an
"akirah." The Mishna Berura 325:3 rules that one can be lenient and follow
(2) That is, the permission to place food in front of a Gentile in a
private domain6 on Shabbos.
(3) It is forbidden to ask a Gentile to perform a task that would be
forbidden for Jew to perform.