Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 87:10
Animals on Shabbos

10. It is forbidden to lend or rent an animal to a Gentile, except on the condition that he return it before Shabbos (1). If the Gentile fails to return it, the Jew should renounce ownership of the animal before Shabbos, so that he does not violate the prohibition [against allowing one's animal to work on Shabbos] (2); this renunciation may even be performed without any witnesses (3). At the outset, however, it is forbidden to lend or rent an animal and rely on the fact [that one will make the animal owner-less for the duration of Shabbos] (4).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) As we saw earlier the verse: "[...cease work on the seventh day] so that your donkey and your ox will rest" [Exodus 23:12], prohibits a Jew to allow his animal to perform "melacha" (that is, one of the 39 categories of forbidden activity) on Shabbos. Even an animal which has been rented out to a Gentile is subject to this prohibition. Furthermore, according to the Mishna Berura (246:11), if a Jew has rented an animal from a Gentile, one should be stringent, and not allow it to perform "melacha" on Shabbos.

(2) In other words, the Jew should make his animal "Hefker" ("owner-less") just for Shabbos, and then he will automatically regain ownership when Shabbos ends. If someone would come along and take the animal during Shabbos, that person would acquire legal ownership of the animal, and the original owner would not regain ownership after Shabbos. The likelihood of someone else acquiring one's owner-less animal on Shabbos is very slim, because it is under the control of the Gentile who rented it.

(3) There is a dispute among the authorities as to whether renunciation of ownership takes effect even if there were no witnesses to the declaration. Consequently, the Mishna Berura (246:15), rules that, if possible, one should make the declaration in front of at least one person, even a member of one's own household.

(4) Since the renunciation of ownership over the animal is not known publicly, people who see the Jewish owned animal working on Shabbos might assume that the Jew is intentionally violating a prohibition; this concept is called "Ma'aris Ho'ayin" (lit: "visual appearance") and forbids doing anything that others might construe as a transgression.

Back  Paragraph 9  Table of Contents  Paragraph 11 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON REEH:

View Complete List

Tomorrow - Today
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

There Must Be an Anochi in Here Somewhere!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5773

The Only Reason I Have Eyes Is For You!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Of Visions and Decisions
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5767

Seeing Clearly
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5772

Look Out!
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5757

ArtScroll

Having a Few Pairs of Glasses
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5764

Even Closer to HASHEM
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

From Hand to Heart
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Highest Form of Praise
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Set Your Sites
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Positive First
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

> The Blessed Present
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Ashrei!
Shlomo Katz - 5773

Give and Take
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769

The Tree of Knowledge
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information