Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 87:10
Animals on Shabbos

10. It is forbidden to lend or rent an animal to a Gentile, except on the condition that he return it before Shabbos (1). If the Gentile fails to return it, the Jew should renounce ownership of the animal before Shabbos, so that he does not violate the prohibition [against allowing one's animal to work on Shabbos] (2); this renunciation may even be performed without any witnesses (3). At the outset, however, it is forbidden to lend or rent an animal and rely on the fact [that one will make the animal owner-less for the duration of Shabbos] (4).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) As we saw earlier the verse: "[...cease work on the seventh day] so that your donkey and your ox will rest" [Exodus 23:12], prohibits a Jew to allow his animal to perform "melacha" (that is, one of the 39 categories of forbidden activity) on Shabbos. Even an animal which has been rented out to a Gentile is subject to this prohibition. Furthermore, according to the Mishna Berura (246:11), if a Jew has rented an animal from a Gentile, one should be stringent, and not allow it to perform "melacha" on Shabbos.

(2) In other words, the Jew should make his animal "Hefker" ("owner-less") just for Shabbos, and then he will automatically regain ownership when Shabbos ends. If someone would come along and take the animal during Shabbos, that person would acquire legal ownership of the animal, and the original owner would not regain ownership after Shabbos. The likelihood of someone else acquiring one's owner-less animal on Shabbos is very slim, because it is under the control of the Gentile who rented it.

(3) There is a dispute among the authorities as to whether renunciation of ownership takes effect even if there were no witnesses to the declaration. Consequently, the Mishna Berura (246:15), rules that, if possible, one should make the declaration in front of at least one person, even a member of one's own household.

(4) Since the renunciation of ownership over the animal is not known publicly, people who see the Jewish owned animal working on Shabbos might assume that the Jew is intentionally violating a prohibition; this concept is called "Ma'aris Ho'ayin" (lit: "visual appearance") and forbids doing anything that others might construe as a transgression.

Back  Paragraph 9  Table of Contents  Paragraph 11 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON HAAZINU AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

Reversing the Chain Reaction
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

Parashat Haazinu
Shlomo Katz - 5764

The Epitome of G-d's Kindness
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Matter of Perspective
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5756

Safely Carried on the Wings of Eagles
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5761

Spiritual Climates
Shlomo Katz - 5773

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

No Threats, Just Decisions
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Happy Endings
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Elul: A Month of Preparation
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

ArtScroll

Found Innocent
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763

Love Out of Fear
Shlomo Katz - 5760

Leave it Up to the King
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5764

> A Kinder and More Truthful Nation
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

The Healer Is On-Call
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

Joyful Service
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Teshuva 101
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information