Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 87:13
Animals on Shabbos

13. It is permissible to have an animal graze on grass that is still attached to the earth. The fact that it must uproot the grass from the ground is not considered "work" for it; on the contrary, it is a pleasure for the animal (1). In contrast, grass that was cut by a Gentile on Shabbos is considered "muktzah" (2), and an animal may not be led in front of it to eat (3), unless it has nothing else to eat; in that instance, leniency is granted because of "tza'ar ba'alei chayim" (lit: "suffering of living creatures"). Similarly, if an animal has nothing to drink, it is permitted to tell a Gentile to bring water from a well situated in a "carmelis" (an area in which it is rabbinically prohibited to carry on Shabbos - see HY 81:4) (4).

FOOTNOTES:

(1) The verse prohibiting allowing one's animal to "work" on Shabbos is: "[...cease work on the seventh day] so that your donkey and your ox will REST" ("La'Nuach") [Exodus 23:12]. One may have thought that what is considered "melacha" (activity prohibited on Shabbos) for a person, is also "melacha" for an animal; that is, since a Jew is forbidden to uproot grass on Shabbos, so too, his animal would be subject to the same prohibition. However, the Midrash clarifies that forcing an animal to abstain from grazing, is not considered "REST" ("Noach") but rather "SUFFERING" ("Tza'ar"), and therefore, could not be derived from the aforementioned verse as a prohibited activity for the animal (Mishna Berura 324:12).

(2) Any piece of vegetation that is separated from its source of growth on Shabbos, whether it was cut by hand or fell off naturally, is considered "muktzeh" and cannot be moved on Shabbos.

(3) There is nothing intrinsically wrong with allowing one's animal to eat grass that is "muktza." The reason it is prohibited here is out of a concern that the owner might pick up the grass to feed the animal by hand. Therefore, it is permissible to lead the animal onto a narrow path such that the only direction it can go is towards the cut grass, because in that case, the owner is not standing close to the "muktza" item, and there is no concern that he will inadvertently feed the animal by hand (Shulchan Aruch 324:13).

(4) Even though it is rabbinically prohibited to instruct a Gentile on Shabbos to perform an activity that would be forbidden to a Jew, in this case, the suffering of an animal overrides that prohibition.

Back  Paragraph 12  Table of Contents  Paragraph 14 Next 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON KI SAVO AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

It's a Mitzvah to Be Happy
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

The World Was Created for Me
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

Personal and Communal Growth
Shlomo Katz - 5761

> The Uniqueness Of Rosh HaShana
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Gratitude, Jewish Style
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

Open Your Eyes
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

ArtScroll

Man's Search for Meaning
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

Starting From Scratch
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

Parshas Ki Savo
Shlomo Katz - 5770

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Act of Investing
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5762

To Hear and To See
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Not Being An Ingrate Is Not Quite The Same As Being A
- 5774

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Kids On Yeshiva Lane Are Different
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

Love Out of Fear
Shlomo Katz - 5760

The Root Of Unhappiness
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

Judge Me Tender, Judge Me Sweet
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information