Animals on Shabbos
8. One who has a Gentile helper who rides the animal out into the public
domain in order to allow it to drink, does not have to prevent him from
doing so on Shabbos. The reason for the prohibition against riding on
Shabbos, is not because the person is considered a burden (carried by the
animal) (1), since "a living being carries itself" (carrying a living being
on Shabbos is only a Rabbinic prohibition, which the Sages did not apply to
one's animal) (2). Rather, the prohibition against riding applies to the
rider himself, that is, a Jew is not allowed to ride on Shabbos (3). Thus,
this prohibition does not apply to a Gentile.
[There is no prohibition against the Gentile's] placing of a saddle or
saddlecloth on the animal to enable him to ride it, for they are not
considered entities in their own right, but rather auxiliaries of the
rider. He may not, however, place other articles on the animal (4).
(1) As we've seen, one may not allow one's animal to carry a burden on Shabbos.
(2) In other words, according to Biblical law, because a living being
carries its own weight to a certain extent (sleeping babies are always
heavier to carry!), one does not violate the prohibition against carrying
on Shabbos, when one carries a living being on Shabbos. The Sages later
made an enactment prohibiting a person from carrying a living being on
Shabbos, but did not extend the prohibition to one's animal (See Shulchan
(3) There is a rabbinical prohibition against riding or even making use of
an animal's body on Shabbos or Yom Tov (Beizta 19a). The reason given by
the Talmud Bavli is a concern that one may break off a tree branch (a
biblical violation of Shabbos) in order to strike it while leading it along
or riding it. According to the Jerusalem Talmud, the reason for the
rabbinical prohibition is a concern that one may come to lead the animal
into a public domain with a load on its back, which we saw is Biblically
prohibited (Aruch Hashulchan 305:16).
(4) Other articles would be considered a burden.
Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.
VAESCHANAN AND TU BEAV:
Twice the Responsibility
Shlomo Katz - 5768
The Master Smelter
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770
What Is True Love?
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768
Sight and Insight
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767
Appreciating Our Blessings
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5761
We Need Backdrops
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765
Serving and Deserving
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761
Cause Hashem to Be Loved By Others
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759
Who Serves "I"dols?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771
Humble, Yet Proud
Shlomo Katz - 5761
The Best Kept Secret
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767
The Basis for Moshe Being Denied Entry into the Land
Rabbi Yosef Kalatzky - 5771
Rejoicing in a Month of Misfortune: Part 1
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758
Enough! Chill Out!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757
Shlomo Katz - 5765