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Chapter 88:13
Laws of Muktzeh on Shabbos

13. It is permitted to move an article that is muktzeh in an unusual manner (1). Therefore, if one inadvertently left an article that is muktzeh on top of an article [that is not muktzeh] or such an article fell there on Shabbos, it may be shaken off (2) or one may carry the [non-muktzeh] item (with the muktzeh on top) to another place, and then shake off the muktzeh item there (3).

Similarly, if one inadvertently left money in the pockets of one's clothes, [one may shake the money from the pockets] if one needs to use the clothes. One may not, however, do so for the sake of the money alone. (The laws governing a base for a forbidden article ("bosis le'davar ha'assur"), on which a muktzeh article was intentionally placed will be explained, G-d Willing, in the following chapter (4)).


(1) Moving a muktzeh item in an unusual manner is called "titul ke'leachar yad" (lit: "movement with the back of one's hand") and can be performed with any part of one's body other than the regular use of one's hands (the back of the hand is permitted). One is permitted to move the muktzeh object in an unusual manner even for the sake of the muktzeh object itself, for example, to prevent it from being damaged.

(2) If shaking it off (" Ni'ur") is feasible, one may not indirectly move the muktzeh item by carrying it on the non-muktzeh item (Mishna Berura 309:14).

(3) Carrying a muktzeh item on top of a non-muktzeh item is called "titul min hatzad" ("indirect movement"). As we will see in the next halacha, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch only permits this method of moving muktzeh, if it is for the sake of the non-muktzeh item. However, one can rely on those who permit it even for the sake of the muktzeh item itself ("Muktzeh; A Practical Guide" by Rav S.B Cohen).

(4) A non-muktzeh item that is classified as a base to a muktzeh item, may not be moved on Shabbos (See next chapter for details).

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