A Base for a Mukteh Item
4. An object does not become a base for [a muktzeh article, and therefore
muktzeh itself,] unless the muktzeh item was placed on it [before] "bein
hash'moshos" ("twilight") (1). If, however, the muktzeh article was not on
the object "bein hash'moshos", but placed there afterwards, the object is
not considered a base, and one may move it even while the muktzeh is still
on it (2). Therefore, it is permissible to shake bones and peels off a
table or tablecloth on Shabbos (3) (that is, as long as the table did not
become muktzeh as a result of being a base to the candelabra, as mentioned
(1) This refers to the period between sunset and the appearance of three
stars, during which we refrain from doing activities which are prohibited
on Shabbos, due to our inability to determine the precise moment that
"night" (and therefore, shabbos), begins. In order for the object to become
a base for the muktzeh, the muktzeh item must be resting upon it for the
entire "bein hashmashos" period.
(2) The Mishnah Berurah (310:37) disagrees; he rules that if a muktzeh item
is placed upon another object on Shabbos, that object is forbidden to be
moved while the muktzeh is on top of it. Should one desire to move it, one
must try to shake the muktzeh article off. If that is impossible, or it is
possible that the forbidden article will break when falling, one should
place a permitted article (which is more "important" (see 89:2) than the
muktzeh item) on top of the object as well. Then, the base may be carried
with both articles upon it.
(3) Nutshells (with no remnant of nut in them), eggshells, inedible pits,
and inedible bones (with no meat on them, and in places where there are no
dogs around) are considered "muktzeh machamas gufo" and may not be moved on
Shabbos. When one is peeling nuts or eggs, etc, on Shabbos, one should try
to place the waste either directly into the trash, or into a plate which
contains a tiny piece of bread; in that way, one may simply tip the
contents into the trash. If this inedible waste was placed on the table or
table-cloth, and one needs the space on the table or wants to clear the
table in honor of Shabbos, one may indirectly push it (for example, with a
knife) into a dustpan which contains a tiny piece of bread, and then the
contents of the dustpan may be emptied into the trash ("Muktzeh: A
Practical Guide" by Rav S.B Cohen, pg167).
Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.
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