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Chapter 90:3
Non-Melacha Prohibitions

3. It is forbidden to walk, on Shabbos, to the end, or just before the end of the "techum" (1), and wait there until nightfall, in order to speed up one's journey beyond that point [after Shabbos]. Since one begins one's journey immediately after the conclusion of Shabbos, it appears obvious that it was the main reason for going there (that is, to the border of the "techum" on Shabbos).

This prohibition applies only when one went there (to the edge of the "techum") in order to travel further [after Shabbos] to do something which one is prohibited to do on Shabbos, under all circumstances; for example, one intended to hire workers, to pick fruit, or to bring produce that was muktzeh, activities prohibited under all circumstances. One may, however, go to the edge of the "techum" on Shabbos, and remain there until nightfall, in order to bring in one's animal from beyond the "techum" after Shabbos; this is permitted because if there had been a continual chain of houses up to the point where the animal was situated, separated from each other by a maximum of seventy "amos" (2), it would have been permitted to bring the animal back even on Shabbos (3). Similarly, it would be permitted [to go to the edge of the "techum" on Shabbos, and remain there until nightfall, in order] to bring in non-muktzeh fruit that was already picked, since, if there had been partitions surrounding the entire route, it would have been permitted to bring in the fruit on Shabbos. This leniency applies to any similar situation (4).

Similarly, it is permitted to walk to one's garden that is within the "techum," in order to pick produce directly after the conclusion of Shabbos, since it does not appear obvious that one went with this intent. Onlookers will think that one went for a stroll or to search for one's animal that became lost, and afterward, when one reached the garden, one changed one's mind and decided to stay there until nightfall to pick produce.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) The area within which one is permitted to walk on Shabbos, that is, 2000 "amos" (see note 2) from one's place of residence; this concept will be explained in detail in chapter 95.

(2) Opinions among the authorities as to the exact length of an "Amah" ("cubit") range between 48 and 60cm (20 to 24 inches).

(3) The chain of houses extends the area within which one is able to walk on Shabbos.

(4) That is, any activity that can be performed on Shabbos under specific circumstances.

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Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

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