Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 34: 4-6
The Laws Pertaining to Tzedakah

4. How much should a person give to tzedakah? During the first year, he should give one-tenth of his principle. Afterwards, he should give one-tenth of the profit he makes each year (after deducting his household expenses*). This is an average measure. The most desirable way of performing the mitzvah is to give one fifth of the principle in the first year, and then one fifth each year from one's profit.

* {These parentheses were omitted from many texts of the Kitzur Shulchon Oruch. However, the Lemberg printing, which is accepted as being accurate, contains them. Other halachic authorities are more stringent and require a tithe to be given from one's entire income before deducting one's living expenses. See Misgeres Hashulchon 4.}

Nevertheless, a person should not give away more than a fifth, lest he himself later require other people's assistance. This restriction applies only during his lifetime. However, on his deathbed a person can give away up to a third of his property to tzedakah.

One should not use his tithes to perform a mitzvah - e.g., to donate candles to the synagogue or to perform other mitzvos. Rather, they should be given to the poor. If the chance to perform a mitzvah present itself - e.g., to circumise one's son, to help provide for the marriage of a poor bride and groom, or the like, and similarly, to buy sacred texts to study from and to lend to others to study from - if one does not have the means and would not be able to perform the mitzvah from his own money, he may use his tithes for that purpose.

If he used his tithes to purchase sacred texts, he must take care to lend them ot others - when he does not need them, for he receives first priority. He should also write in them that they were purchased with his tithes, so that after passing his sons will not regard them as their own property.

5. A person who seeks merit should constrain his evil inclination and open his hand. Every thing which is done for the sake of heaven should be done in the best and nicest manner. If one builds a synagogue, it should be nicer than one's home. If one gives a hungry person food, one should feed him from the best and sweetest foods on one's table. If one clothes a naked person, one should clothe him from the finest garments in one's wardrobe. If one [desires to] consecrate something [for charity], he should consecrate the choicest of his possessions. Thus, [Leviticus 3:16] states: "All the fat shall go to G-d."

6. A person who provides for his older children whom he is not obligated to sustain (i.e., those above six years old) in order to teach his sons Torah and train his daughters in a proper path, and similarly, one who gives presents to his father (whom he can sustain only from his tzedakah money) - should they require it - may considered these expenses as tzedakah. Furthermore, he should give these individuals precedence over others. Even someone who is neither so or a father - merely a relative - receives priority over others.

The poor of one's household take precedence over the poor of one's city, and the poor of one's city take precedence over the poor of another city, as implied by [Deuteronomy 15:11]: "[Open your hand generously] to your poor and destitute brother in your land." Nevertheless, the manager of a charitable fund should take care not to give his relatives more than other poor people.

BackLaws Pertaining to Tzedakah
Paragraphs 1-3
   Laws Pertaining to Tzedakah
Paragraphs 7-10
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 


ARTICLES ON MIKETZ AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

LIVE TODAY TO LIVE TOMORROW/Earning Our Slice of Eternity
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

Chanukah, Chutzpah, and Coming Close to G-d
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Chanukah: Lights, Camera, Action!
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

> Be Patient!
Shlomo Katz - 5761

Not a Minute Past the Expiration Date
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

Seeing the Plan to Fruition
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5763

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Chanukah
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

They Dance to God's Music
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Lessons in Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756

ArtScroll

Turning Points
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

The Sweetest Gift In Life: Peace of Mind
Rav Frand - 5768

What A Pity!
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Standing Over the River
Shlomo Katz - 5761

The Light of Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Nice Guys Finish Second -- Second in Command to Pharoah
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

The Meaning of Miracles
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information