By: Rabbi Daniel Travis
"Do you know Nachor's grandson Lavan?" asked Yaakov. "We know him," they
replied. "HaShalom lo?" retorted Yaakov. "Shalom!" they responded, "and
here is his daughter Rachel coming with the sheep." (Bereshith 29:5-6)
Although this appears to be merely an innocent conversation, much was
happening behind the scenes in this dialogue. When Yaakov asked regarding
Lavan, "HaShalom lo?" he wasn't merely inquiring about Lavan's welfare; he
was trying to determine whether Lavan was a man of peace (shalom), or
whether he was prone to arguments and fights. The other shepherds did not
wish to lie by saying that Lavan was a man of peace, yet neither did they
want to tell the truth, for it was not a pleasant truth they had to tell.
Therefore they responded with a single word, "Shalom," implying that a
general state of peace reigned in the world. Immediately thereafter they
changed the subject, pointing out that Rachel was coming.1
When people meet someone who lives in the same town as their friends or
relatives, it is common to inquire about the current spiritual situation of
those they know there. The answer one may give to such inquiries depends on
the intention of the person asking. If he hopes, through the information he
receives, to be able to help or correct the person about whom he is
inquiring, then one is obligated to respond truthfully, even if the
response involves derogatory information. If he is asking only out of
curiosity, it is forbidden to say anything derogatory about the subject of
the question. One must try to find some way to avoid answering the question
without casting the subject of the question in a negative light.2
If we are aware that someone has stolen from or otherwise injured another
person, we are obligated to display a passion for the truth, revealing the
facts to those who are in a position to rectify the situation.3 However, in
a case in which one person has refused to do a favor for another, but no
one has actually been damaged, it is forbidden to tell others what
happened, for that would be considered lashon hara.4
1. Moshav Zekeinim on Bereshith 29:5-6.
2. Chofetz Chaim 4:11, footnote.
3. Sha'arei Teshuvah 3:221.
4. Chofetz Chaim 5:1.
Priceless Integrity, Copyright © 2003 by Rabbi Daniel Travis and Torah.org.
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